"Diýar" žurnaly

Founder: The Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan
Adress: Ashgabat c., Garashsyzlyk shayoly, 100, Turkmenbashy centre of free creative work
Telephones: 38-61-56, 39-95-30, 39-95-23
Email: diyar-zurnaly@online.tm


Modern hothouse complexes

In the Epoch of Might and Happiness, under the wise leadership of our National Leader, the year «Turkmenistan is the Home of Peace and Trust» marked with great achievements and historic events, inspires the spirit of our people. On the 25th of March the participation of our esteemed President in the opening ceremony of the modern hothouse complex in Kaka region of the Ahal province has become one these important historic events. The President of Turkmenistan, Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov gave his blessings to the opening ceremonies of newly constructed hothouses in the Ak bugday district of the Ahal province, in the city of Turkmenbashy of the Balkan province, in the Gorogly district of the Dashoguz province, in the Charjev district of the Lebap province and in the Sakarchage district of the Mary province via television space bridge. Their total area is equal to 35 hectares. These hothouses intended to produce 8 thousand 750 tons of vegetable products annually, have been equipped with modern technologies and water-saving technical systems. It is also pleasant to mention that commissioning of these hothouse complexes creates about 400 new jobs and the heads of these hothouses received new agricultural technical machines, the worldwide popular «John Deere» tractors as a gift of our esteemed President. In his speech at the opening ceremony of the new hothouse complexes our National L

Neutrality of Turkmenistan is the foundation of peaceful development

In the Epoch of Might and Happiness, as a result of wise foreign policy realized by our country the authority of our Fatherland on the international level is constantly rising. The open doors policy of our Motherland creates great opportunities to establish goodwill relations with any country of the world. The main goal of the foreign policy strategy of our Neutral state is to develop bilateral and multilateral relations with the world community. Widening political, trade-economic and cultural humanitarian relations with different states, especially with the countries of the region and with neighbouring states is one of the primary trends. The realization of mutually beneficial and equal relations creates opportunities to understand the present situation of co-operation and to discuss its future trends.

The Health doctri­ne of our Na­tio­nal Lea­der — the so­urce of pros­pe­rous and healt­hy li­fe

Now it has become the usual ha­bit for me: on rest-da­ys or af­ter work whi­le having tea my hand stretches to the books­helf. It is very in­te­res­ting and plea­sant for me to read books writ­ten by our Na­tio­nal Leader on dif­fe­rent the­mes. Fol­lo­wing my usual ha­bit I be­gan rea­ding the bo­ok «The Doctri­ne of Ar­ka­dag is the So­urce of Health and Ins­pi­ra­tion» and af­ter it I decided to wri­te about the sig­ni­ficance of the healt­hy li­fe cour­se of our count­ry which became the pri­ma­ry trend of the sta­te po­licy in our count­ry. Of cour­se, in the year «Turk­me­nis­tan – the Ho­me of Peace and Trust» when such sacred no­tions as health, ins­pi­ra­tion are en­riched with glo­rious and his­to­ric events it is not by chance that I decided to wri­te about the health po­licy of our He­ro Ar­ka­dag. Because the healt­hy mo­de of li­fe can be se­en on the per­so­nal examp­le of our es­tee­med Pre­si­dent who go­es in for dif­fe­rent kinds of sports and his po­licy is di­rected at brin­ging up healt­hy young ge­ne­ra­tion. The fun­da­men­tal works car­ried out by our es­tee­med Pre­si­dent, his great chan­ges in or­der to bring up young ge­ne­ra­tion who are the fu­tu­re of our Fat­her­land as educated, pat­rio­tic per­so­na­li­ties who have per­fect mo­ral fea­tu­res are invaluab­le wealth. First of all, the care for the health our peop­le, inclu­ding youth is one of

International association turkmen alabay dogs in international relations

The Turkmen people are known for their significant contribution to the material and cultural treasures of the world, preserving their national values throughout their ancient history. The Akhal-Tekke horses, Turkmen carpets, Turkmen Alabay dogs are our national values, which are formed at the level of unique art. The Turkmen alabay dog belongs to the world-famous breed of dogs, which has been considered a loyal companion and friend from ancient times to the present day. It is the pride and inalienable protector of the nation. Its statues found in Altyndepe and Gonurdepe, Parthian rites depicting a dog found in ancient Nisa, paintings on the walls evidence about their roots in the history of mankind.

The Turkmen Horse is the model of quickness and beauty

The Akhal-Tekke horses, the pride of our people have become the valuable part of the world culture. The books written by our National Leader, devoted to Turkmen horses becoming popular in the world created wide opportunities not only for our people but for the world community to get acquainted with valuable information about Turkmen horses. Our people connect their great traditions, their world outlook and great successes with horses. Our esteemed President in his book «A Horse — a Symbol of Faithfulness and Happiness» tells about the interconnection of the past, present and future. Besides that our National Leader notes in his books that Turkmen horse became the symbol of beauty, perfection, devotion, natural harmony, human talent and diligence. Today the Akhal-Tekke horse with its rapid pace has become the symbol of great achievements in the development of our Fatherland. Our National Leader expressing with his whole spirit the respect and love of our people for horses, the works on taking care about horses, protection of the purity of species of Akhal-Tekke horses, increasing their number put on the level of the state policy. The National Holiday of the Turkmen Horse held in our country every year in reality is one of the bright symbols of the best customs and traditions of our people and such values have created the unique culture, spirit of the nation. In accordance with o

Bicycle —a means of healthy life

The word «Bicycle» was derived from the conjunction of Latin words «velox» — fast and «pes» — foot. As is known from its name, in this type of sport knee and foot parts of a leg are mostly active. Doctors have noted that as a result of continual daily cycling in fresh air, there is a very low level of possibility for developing exhaustion, anxiety and distress in a human body. Moreover, it contributes to keep metabolism in stability and eliminate excess fats. The effect of physical conditions occurring during cycling extends to 2-3 hours after stopping it. Nowadays, a bicycle is considered to be the most widespread means of transport. Its cheap price, light weight, small size, no fuel consumption and its safety increase the attraction of this type of transport. Cycling as a sport is especially popular in our country. At present construction of modern cycle tracks and other sport complexes, the wonderful tradition of our National Leader holding regular cycling marches uniting thousands of population of Turkmenistan gave a powerful impetus to developing cycling sport.

Digital diplomacy and its importance

Diplomacy was always the major contributor to the development of Turkmenistan and as for today our country has conducted various dimensions of diplomacy such as transport diplomacy, cultural diplomacy, and education diplomacy. Invention of new technologies and advancement of Internet presents us digital diplomacy, which is completely new in the 21st century. Digital diplomacy is widely defined as the use of Internet and new information communication technologies to help achieve diplomatic objectives. Looking ahead, digital diplomacy will be integrated into the way states interact with each other. Using internet and social platforms to achieve diplomatic objectives will be a daily routine for diplomatic missions in the future. From today’s perspective, it is possible to give the fair predictions about what is going to happen to the international relations and how the way it is conducted will change. Digital diplomacy is starting to be widely implemented all over the world today and tomorrow it will be the most integrated tool in international relations.

Novruz bayram —holiday of renewal and benevolence

Novruz is annually celebrated in our country on March 21-22, the day of the vernal equinox, and heralds the coming of the New Year. Novruz is one of the oldest holidays that have lived for many centuries in the souls and memory of many nations, including Turkmen people. Today this bright holiday has acquired an international status, embodying the high principles of peace, humanism, diligence, being a symbol of friendship and goodwill. This beautiful, widely celebrated spring holiday contributes to the strengthening of peaceful relations between states and popularizes the historical and cultural traditions of peoples. From times immemorial, Turkmen people have been especially zealous in celebrating numerous national celebrations. For the Turkmen, the words «toy» and «bayram», meaning «celebration» and «holiday» are very important. National holidays spiritually enrich and strengthen the cohesion of the people, give rise to new rituals, customs and traditions that are subsequently passed on from generation to generation. The same attitude is shown to celebration of Novruz Bayram, since the coming of the New Year is considered a sacred event for our people. On the days preceding the holiday and on Novruz itself, various ritual actions are performed, folk customs and traditions are observed. They cover all spheres of the life of society and are carried out in order to ensure the wel

Studying current foreign policy and international co-operation

Formation of a comprehensively developed young generation with deep knowledge and a broad outlook, training of highly qualified personnel capable of thinking in a new way are the priority tasks of state policy in modern Turkmenistan. Now, when special attention is paid to the intellectual development of the nation, there is a wide opportunity for the young generation to receive high-quality education and conduct fruitful scientific and educational activities. In the year of «Turkmenistan — Homeland of peace and trust», our country is celebrating the 30th anniversary of Independence with great achievements in the sphere of education. A large-scale scientific activity is carried out at the Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, the development of which is paid special attention by our esteemed President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. Speaking at a meeting on foreign policy and diplomacy, which was held on February 9 of this year, the President of Turkmenistan noted the particular importance of the tendency for in-depth study of new directions in political science, the implementation of scientific research on topical issues of foreign policy of Turkmenistan. Moreover, the Head of our state instructed to continue active scientific activities, introduce modern information technologies into the educational process and organize on an ongoi

Agahan Durdyyev, the Pioneer of the new Turkmen Literature

In his book «The time to look back» remembering the course of life and the creative work of Agahan Durdyyev, a well-known Turkmen writer, one of the pioneers of the new Turkmen prose Alexander Ivanovich Aborskiy wrote: «For a long time there is not Agahan among us. Schoolchildren, young people read his books, philologists study his manuscripts, from time to time in editorial office or in the Union of Writers they remember this quiet and at the same time significant, bright man. One day, as if by chance, it was revealed that in comparison with his contemporaries of the same age, Agahan mastered well pure, rich Turkmen language. It is of course very important and these features for the young Turkmen prose are of no small importance. But not only purity of the language and picturesque style show the true essence of the prose of Agahan Durdyyev». (A.Аборский. Время оглянутъся. Москва, 1988, стр. 200) It is really so. In 1920-s works of this writer really opened new pages of the new Turkmen literature.

The wisdom of our esteemed President opens the way to the world

On the first days of 2021, announced as the year «Turkmenistan - Homeland of Peace and Trust» in which the 30th Anniversary of our Independence will be celebrated, glorious events written in golden letters in history, such as putting in commissioning of the 30 km. long «Akina-Andhoy» railroad, construction of the 153 km. long 500 kilovolt power electric transformation complex along the Kerki-Shibirgan Route, putting into operation of the Ymamanazar-Akina and Serhetabad-Turgundy fibre-optical international communication complex between our countries, and also the opening ceremony of the gas-compressor station in the «Malay» gas field located in the Charjev district brightly showed the reality about realization of great works giving an impetus to securing of the well-being of the present and future generations, strengthening friendly-fraternal relations and goodwill co-operation in the world and development of countries. As it was underlined by our esteemed President in his historic speech during the television space bridge which connected the participants of the ceremony in Turkmenistan and Afghanistan on the 14th of January, these large projects, intended for general goal; for giving powerful impetus to long term development of our countries and for supporting it, are aimed at prosperity and well-being of the Turkmen and Afghan peoples. Telling that

Peace-building is the basis of the policy of neutral Turkmenistan (2021 Turkmenistan – the homeland of peace and trust)

Turkmenistan pursues foreign policy based on the principles of positive neutrality, peace-loving, open doors, good neighborliness and equal beneficial co-operation with countries of the world. Today, our country closely co-operates with the UN, OSCE, EU, CIS and other authoritative international organizations on pressing issues of international agenda. Under the wise leadership of our esteemed President, Turkmenistan's foreign policy plays an influential role in international relations. Last year our country widely celebrated 25th anniversary of its permanent neutrality. The year 2020 entered in the history of our sovereign as one of the most important date. Co-operation of Turkmenistan with the United Nations Organization is built on the principles of strategic partnership and has received new content at modern time. The United Nations highly value Turkmenistan's political role in the region and the world, which is an authoritative member that plays a weighty and important role. As is known, UN General Assembly adopted relevant Resolutions «On Permanent Neutrality of Turkmenistan», including the Resolution at its 75th session in December 2020 on «The Role and Importance of a Policy of Neutrality in Maintaining and Strengthening International Peace, Security and Sustainable Development» with the unanimous support of the UN member states. Adoption of the Resolutions clearly test

Great construction of the century (Autobahn)

Gurbanguly BERDIMUHAMEDOV, President of Turkmenistan: — Constructing new automobile highways and railroads, seaports and bridges in the third millennium, our Fatherland restores anew the Great Silk Road.

Koytendag – the Land of the unique beauty and sound Health

Turkmenistan is a country extremely rich in historical, cultural and natural monuments. One of the most beautiful places in our country is the Koytendag region, which attracts travelers and leisure lovers with its magnificent sites and extraordinary natural beauty. This fabulously beautiful corner of our country is known all over the world for its mysterious grottoes and caves, majestic gorges, water cascades sparkling in the sun, amazing waterfalls and healing mountain lakes, as well as unique fauna and flora. Getting into any of the gorges, lakes and caves, one can find himself in the fantastic world filled with unique beauty peculiar only to the Koytendag mountains. The caves of the Koytendag mountains, also known as Garlyk caves, including Khashimoyuk, Gulshirin, Aralik, Kepderkhana, Kapkotan, Dashyurek are very popular among tourists. These caves are famous all over the world and a visit to them leaves an unforgettable experience. As invaluable natural attractions, the Garlyk Caves are considered worthy of being included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The underground caves of the Koytendag literally resemble the magnificent and unique palaces of the underworld. The beautiful halls, beautifully decorated with stalactites and stalagmites, are rich in beautiful forms, like in fairy tales. When light falls on magical halls covered with eternal darkness, amazing beauty aris

Turkmen national dish: Unash

Traditionally, unash, one of the popular Turkmen national dishes is a noodle soup which is made of thin Turkmen macaroni. It is a good meal for digestion and its preparation is simple, and moreover, it is often cooked in our homes because it is loved by adults and children too. Among our people, different types of unash are prepared, such as flavored unash, unflavored unash, unash with beans. Chicken soup is a good digestive, appetizing, relieving pneumonia in the lungs, improving the condition of the bones, connective tissues and having a positive effect on the nervous system and strengthening the body's resistance to various diseases. Today, different types of unash products are also produced in industrial enterprises of the country. Among Turkmens, if someone says «I’m cold» or «I have caught a cold», it is immediately said: «Have unash with pepper, and sleep for awhile. You will recover from your disease immediately». There is no Turkmen woman who cannot cook unash with medicinal effect which has been known since ancient times. The unanimity of our parents in mastering the Turkmen cuisine is not only at the level of taste, but also as a unique remedy for the flu, cold, and fatigue. When this dish is cooked, its dough is first made only with water and salt, and sometimes with a single egg. The reason for adding enough salt to the dough is that it has a positive effect on i

Permanent neutrality is the way of peace, co-operation and development

The positive and constructive policy pursued by the President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov during the period of prosperity of our sovereign state is fully supported by the states of the world and authoritative international organizations, taking into account the permanent neutrality of our country. The permanent legal status of Turkmenistan is the basis of the foreign policy of our state. The declaration of Turkmenistan «Turkmenistan — the Homeland of Neutrality» in 2020 is of great importance in further strengthening the global prestige of our country’s foreign policy. Today our peaceful humanitarian policy, aimed at the interests of the region and the peoples of the world, has become a unifying force for the continents. Under the wise leadership of the esteemed President, our country attaches great importance to further development of international co-operation, adhering to the principles of neutrality. This is fully evidenced by our close trade and economic relations with the countries of the world today. The initiatives of our Hero Arkadag, aimed at strengthening international peace, prosperity and trust at the regional, continental and global levels, were presented at the 73rd session of the UN General Assembly by member states of the organization Declaration of «2021 — International Year of Peace and Trust» United Nations recognized as a strategic partner of

The Man who found treasure in Ancient Times (From the collection of «Life stories»)

I have the book «The popular People of the 20th century» published in Russian in the beginning of 90-s of the 20th century in my hand. While I was looking through the pages of the book the article «The leading scientist of archaeology of Central Asia» attracted my attention. It was very strange and interesting biography. This personality had to overcome a number of difficulties and went through continents.

Resources of the Zengibaba Lake

We can see the Akjagaya Basin, the Mergenashan Ravine, including Zengibaba area near the Gaplanggyr Reserve in the territory of the Dashoghuz Province. They are located in the desert area in 180 km. distance from the centre of the Dashoghuz Province and in 60 km. of south-west from the Ruhubelent township, at the foot of the Shasenem State Nature Reserve. These beautiful places of nature are remarkable for their geographic location, by their unique flora and fauna. According to the legend among the people once upon a time the saint person by the name Zengibaba lived in this part of the country. He was the god of cows. Sitting on top of the hill on the bank of the lake with fresh water, around which there was abundance of green grass Zengibaba pastured cows. The seven metre long grave of Zengibaba has preserved to our times on the top of the mentioned hill. The lake situated near it is called the Zengibaba Lake. The total area of the Zengibaba Lake is equal to 2470 hectares and the volume of water is equal to 140 cubic metres. It borders on the Shasenem State Reserve. This lake was formed as a result of flow of drains in the north-west of the Zengibaba Elevation. The deepest point of it reaching 16 metres of depth is situated in the eastern part of the lake. Large and small drains joining together form the 15 km. long lake. The bushes of tamarisk and ca

European Orientalists about the Turkmen Literature

The scientists of Europe began showing interest in Turkmen literature in the 19th century. Heinrich Friedrich von Diez (1751-1817), a German diplomat and orientalist , translated and published several works of Eastern literature. In 1811 he published some parts from the Turkmen epic «The Book of Father Gorkut» («Gorkut ata») under the name «The Book of Oguz». Besides that he published his article about the chapter of the epic «The song how Beset killed Depegoz» comparing it with the episode about one-eyed Cyclops, named Polyphem in the 9th song of the epic «Odyssey» by Homer, a Greek epic poet of the 8th century B.C. He also published Turkmen sayings and proverbs, because for some years he worked as a diplomat in Turkey. Johann Wolfgang Goethe (1749-1832) a well-known German classic poet, after reading «The Book of Oguz» published in German by Friedrich von Diez wrote the following poem expressing his gratitude to him in his book «West-östlicher Divan»: