"Diýar" žurnaly

Founder: The Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan
Adress: Ashgabat c., Garashsyzlyk shayoly, 100, Turkmenbashy centre of free creative work
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From the Editorial Staff

The visit of the delegation, involved in the implementation of the Programme of the Fund of Ambassadors for the Preservation of Cultural Heritage, to the Turkmen State Institute of Culture became part of a week-long mission of the honorary guests of our country. Here is what our newspaper was told at the US Embassy in Turkmenistan:

Cultural Heritage: Past and Present

Successfully implementing the open-doors policy, Turkmenistan is expanding its international cooperation in various areas of state development with every passing day. One of the vectors of mutually interested partnership with the world community is aimed at preserving historically important cultural monuments and objects that our country is so rich in. A significant contributor to this work is the Ambassadors Fund for Cultural Preservation (AFCP), founded in 2001 by the US Congress to preserve monuments and sites and other forms of traditional cultural expression in developing countries around the world.

A Mas­ter­piece of Gol­den Fleece of Sa­ra­ja sheep

From time immemorial Turkmen carpets and rugs have been considered an age-old attribute of weddings and other family celebrations. The birth of a child and a new carpet were joyful events. According to the tradition, the girl was laid on a new carpet, hoping that she would become a craftswoman in the future. The breadwinner in the family was a man, but the keepers of the family hearth did not sit idly. The ancestors said, “Cattle will bring prosperity to a dzhigit, and a carpet to a girl”. So it was. Men were engaged in cattle breeding, while women were engaged in cooking and carpet weaving, which they taught their daughters from childhood.

Labelled “Made in Turkmenistan”

Since 2016, the plant of Döwlet Gurluşyk Economic Society has been producing basalt fibre in the Yashlyk village, Ak Bugday etrap, Ahal velayat. At the initial stage, the high quality of domestic raw materials – basalt porphyrites from the Ufra deposit, located in the Balkan velayat, made it possible to produce basalt continuous fibre using the Russian technology and to launch the production of window sashes, road mesh, fittings and others. This material is also used in the oil and gas industry to insulate oil pipelines and to produce pipe products. Subsequently, the department that produces mineral wool – high-temperature thermal insulation material, which made it possible to partially substitute the imported materials, was established. The plant annually produces 100,000 square metres of the finished products – the canvas 1 metre wide and 5 cm thick. The manufacturing process makes it possible to transform volcanic rock into ultra-thin cotton wool by melting in a gas furnace at a temperature of 1,300-1,400 degrees. The Russia-made furnace is capable of heating up to a temperature of 1,700 °C. The current gas and electricity prices in Turkmenistan cause much lower production costs of mineral fibre than world prices, which ensures the competitiveness of the product. Construction is another area of the activities of the Döwlet Gurluşyk Economic Society – it built a library and a

Symbol of Unity, Friendship and Solidarity of the Turkmen People

In our country, carpets are regarded not only as a result of painstaking work, but almost as a sacred object. It is for reason that the five main ornaments “Ahalteke”, “Salyr”, “Ärsary”, “Çowdur” and “Ýomut” are depicted on the State Flag and the National Emblem of Turkmenistan, together symbolising the unity and cohesion of the people and, at the same time, the diversity of carpet styles and schools of the regions. Expressing the unity of the velayats, five patterns are depicted side by side on the same line. But all of them, despite the difference, have a common artistic code, a common semantic load and style matching techniques – all that ultimately makes the Turkmen carpet recognisable and allows us to say: this miracle is made by Turkmen masters. Preserving and continuing this heritage at the present time is a task of national importance. In our time, when the glory of the Turkmen carpet, which has become part of the historical and cultural heritage, resounds with special force, modern masters study the experience of craftswomen of the past, elements of carpet patterns and techniques. Thanks to this, the art of carpet weaving continues and the experience of previous generations is embedded in each new carpet. Among modern Turkmen carpets, the largest handmade carpet in the world with a total area of 301 m2, woven in 2001 and in 2003 listed in the Guinness World Records, st

Potter Is an Ancient Profession

They say that the first drawing of a human was a line drawn with a stick on the ground. Dragging a stick behind him, he saw that it left a trail behind him, he admired it in surprise and drew more and more. Over time, he tried to draw parallels. Thus he took the first steps in acquiring the drawing technique. It is impossible to verify how right those who put forward this hypothesis are. But the statement that craving for beauty is transmitted to humans by the genetic code from one generation to another and that this quality manifests itself even in the childhood makes us think. The children’s craving to draw anywhere, and then admire “their works” is cited as evidence. Thus, they begin to learn the world in childhood, reproducing the elementary discovery of their forefathers. People always strive to the beautiful, and this elevates them above other living beings. It manifests itself in people in different ways. Someone receives pleasure from contemplating the surrounding world, someone from studying artworks. However, there are also those who have an inner need to create and present beauty to people.

Every Gulyaka Has the Sun

In the western region of the country, a round pectoral gulyaka is called “gottaç çakly gülýakalar”. The Yomud version of this item of women’s clothing has the form of a shining solar disk with a big bulge in the centre. This form somewhat resembles of a round shell on the seabed, inside which precious pearls are securely hidden from human eyes. The so-called shell can be conditionally divided into four equal proportional parts, which symbolise the four seasons and demonstrate their orderly cyclical scheme. This small “sun” has a reflection of the change of natural phenomena – the summer equinox, the winter solstice and the spring equinox. The stones are arranged in a small scattering in a circle in the edging of the piece of jewellery. Looking at this piece created by human hands, it is as if you were turning over the pages of a calendar that gives the owner – certainly a married woman who was ordered to wear this piece of jewellery – willpower, spirit, patience, wisdom and femininity. You are captivated by the simple and distinct beauty of the jewellery piece and its exquisite and perfect proportions.

In the Land of Gifted Children

Solemn ceremonies in honour of summing up the results of the state competition for Gulbaba Children's Award were held last week at the Centre for Public Organisations of Turkmenistan and in the administrative centres of five velayats of our country. Events to identify young talents were organised by the Central Council of the Magtymguly Youth Organisation of Turkmenistan. The Gulbaba Children's Award is a recognition of the creative talents of children who have taken their first successful steps in the world of creativity and art. The Gulbaba Award was presented to the most talented young people of the country – winners of subject Olympiads, young singers, dancers and musicians.

Moscow Circus in the Turkmen Land

The news that the stars of the Big Moscow Circus on Vernadsky Avenue are giving their performances in Ashgabat is of great interest to adults and children in the series of festive New Year celebrations. These days, residents and guests of the capital of Turkmenistan enjoy unique circus shows included in the Golden Fund of the Russian circus. Honoured artists, winners of international contests and festivals, perform to the audience. The world-class circus artists will perform under the dome of the Turkmen State Circus until January 10, 2023. So the show begins. Spectators watch with bated breath everything happening on the arena: they are delighted with the performances of aerialists, jugglers, tightrope walkers, acrobats, high-wire artists, unique acrobatic equestrian stunt shows and performances with trained bears, dogs and cats. Certainly, the performances cannot do without a funny and always long-awaited clown. The carpet clown Boris Nikishin gave many positive emotions to parents and especially children. Spectacular and exciting stunts and very difficult numbers performed by the recognised circus artists evoked the delight in spectators and loud applause.

New Year magazines with famous animated movie characters

 «7/24. tm», № 01 (136), 02.01.2022 The Mahabat Department of the State Committee for Television, Radio Broadcasting and Cinematography of Turkmenistan has released the New Year issue of Zehin Soraglary Magazine featuring the famous characters of the Turkmen animated movies for the New Year.

Population and Housing Census Starts in Turkmenistan

On December 17, in accordance with the Resolution of the President of Turkmenistan, a continuous population and housing census began throughout the country under the motto: “Population Census 2022: Cohesion, Happiness, Bright Future”. Its main task is to obtain accurate data on the demographic composition and socioeconomic situation of the country’s population. These indicators are essential for the development of public policy, planning and management. The information about the size, distribution and characteristics of the population will make it possible to lay a reliable foundation for the further progress and prosperity of the state and the improvement of the wellbeing of the people.

Winner of Ýylyň Parlak Ýyldyzy Youth Contest Announced

On December 16, the final round of the Ýylyň Parlak Ýyldyzy singing competition took place in the capital city, which traditionally became one of the bright events of the festive programme of the New Year’s celebrations. Various youth art contests in Turkmenistan, including Ýylyň Parlak Ýyldyzy, are aimed at encouraging creativity and initiative in young people, revealing and supporting new talents, contributing to the professional growth of performers and developing modern music in the country. President Serdar Berdimuhamedov attaches great importance to the harmonious spiritual, moral, cultural, intellectual and physical development of the younger generation, who are a powerful force and a happy future for the Motherland.

Inspirational Example

At the Palace of Culture of the village of Yzgant, Ahal velayat, bearing the name of Myalikguly Berdimuhamedov, in honour of conferring the name Arkadag to the new administrative centre of the Ahal velayat, a festive concert and a solemn ceremony of conferring the honorary title “Honoured Artist of Turkmenistan” took place. First of all, the participants of the meeting listened with great attention and enthusiasm to the speech of the Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers Myahrijemal Mammedova, in which it was emphasised that the new city of Arkadag was a visible evidence of the successful implementation, under the wise leadership of President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, of the tasks outlined in the large-scale urban development programme initiated by the Honoured Architect of Turkmenistan Hero-Arkadag.

Legends about Gozli-ata

The Gozli-ata mausoleum is located 160 kilometres from the seaside city of Turkmenbashi in the Balkan velayat in Western Turkmenistan. It is a picturesque canyon, surrounded by pink, greenish and reddish mountains of amazing shape and beauty, and the most remote pilgrimage site in our country. A prominent Sufi and legendary sage Gozli-ata united the Turkmen tribes to fight against the enemy in those lands. Turkmen warriors courageously fought with enemies in the 1520s, defending their independence. A visit to the holy place – the mausoleum and the cemetery of Gozli-ata is the act of pilgrimage. There, religious rites are performed, and legends, parables and interesting stories about the brave warrior can be heard. Hasan-ata is a historical person who lived in the territory of present-day Mangyshlak. He is a descendant of the third “righteous” caliph Osman (who is the son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad). Under Osman ibn Affani, the written text of the Koran was collected into a single book. The recognised head of the Turkic branch of Sufism, thinker and poet Hoja Ahmed Yasawi is called the teacher and spiritual mentor of Hasan-ata. His work Divani-hikmet (The Book of Wisdom, often called Hikmety) has been preserved. Hasan-ata received the honorary nickname Gozli-ata for having learned where the staff, thrown by the spiritual mentor Hoja Ahmed Yasawi, had flown.

Turkmen embroidery is inscribed on the representative List of the intangible cultural Heritage of humanity

«7/24. tm», № 50 (133) UNESCO has included the art of Turkmen embroidery in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity at the 17th session of the Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, which was held in Rabat, the capital of Morocco. This nomination was initiated by Turkmenistan in March 2021 as an important part of the national intangible cultural heritage. Iran co-sponsored the nomination.

A New Page in the History of National Culture

The Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage that held its 17th session chaired by the Kingdom of Morocco in Rabat from November 28 to December 3 this year inscribed by unanimous decision the Turkmen art of embroidery on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Expressing satisfaction with this news, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov stressed the further enrichment of the intangible and cultural values of the Turkmen people is a key priority of the state policy. Over the centuries-old history, the Turkmen people have created a unique traditional artistic culture, which is distinguished by the high level of arts and crafts. Some of them, for example, hand-made carpet weaving, have been recognised universally as world heritage. On December 12, 2019, the UNESCO Intergovernmental Committee for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage unanimously inscribed the traditional Turkmen carpet-making art on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity at its 14th session. As the Hero-Arkadag emphasised, that vividly evidenced the recognition by the world community of our amazing carpets woven by Turkmen miraculous craftswomen as an excellent monument of art.

Centre of Cults and World Religions

Ancient Merv is known to have been the largest city in Central Asia. In the 3rd-4th centuries AD, the city was not only the centre of the official religion of the Sasanian state – Zoroastrianism, but also remarkable for a variety of cults and religious trends. In particular, this can be applied to Buddhism, which from the 3rd century BC began to spread in Central Asia along the trade routes from India. This religion, one of the most widespread in the world, originated in India in the 6th century BC.

Happy Moments of Unforgettable Meetings in Dashoguz

The Friendship Festival of fraternal peoples took place in the ancient Turkmen land. The solemn opening ceremony was held in the majestic building “Türkmeniň ak öýi”. Those present listened with great excitement to the Addresses of the President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov and the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev. The participants of the Festival visited the historical and cultural monuments located in the Kunyaurgench State Historical and Cultural Reserve, inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The guided tours gave the guests from Uzbekistan an opportunity to see the unique monuments of history and culture, which had become an invaluable heritage of world civilisation. These inlcude one of the tallest minarets in Central Asia, the 60-metre Kutlug Timur Minaret, the mausoleums of Khwarezmshah Tekesh and Il Arslan and other genuine masterpieces of the medieval East. In the evening, the Uzbek actors from the Khorezm Regional Theatre of Musical Drama showed a theatrical production Kais on the stage of Nurmuhammet Andalib State Music and Drama Theatre.

The Capital of Turkmenistan is Aimed at Entering the Unesco Creative Cities Network

Ashgabat Forum “Design-2022” and International Exhibition “Design Without Borders” The Chamber of Commerce and Industry hosted an Ashgabat Forum “Design-2022” and an International Exhibition entitled “Design Without Borders”.

President Serdar BERDIMUHAMEDOV: “Art Calls For Peace and Friendship”

Turkmenistan Hosts an International Thematic Festival In the administrative centre of the Lebap velayat, the grand opening of an International Festival entitled “Handicraft and Decorative and Applied Arts in the Heritage of the Peoples of the World” took place.