"Diýar" žurnaly

Founder: The Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan
Adress: Ashgabat c., Garashsyzlyk shayoly, 100, Turkmenbashy centre of free creative work
Telephones: 38-61-56, 39-95-30, 39-95-23
Email: diyar-zurnaly@online.tm


Dutar in the Unesco representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity

The joint action plan between Turkmenistan and UNESCO for 2021 — 2023 has been approved through the efforts of the President of Turkmenistan. According to this plan, it is planned to include historical and cultural monuments in the UNESCO World Heritage List, as well as intangible heritage of the ancient culture of our people, their national experience and spiritual wealth. Recently, the craftsmanship of making dutar and the art of playing it and the art of bagshy has been included in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, which will pass this to future generations and promote the rich historical heritage in the world. The art of playing dutar and bagshy art of the Turkmen people is one of the unique art of the nation.  In this context, our Esteemed President, who equates our culture with the hearts of our people, is making great efforts in the restoration and development of our material and spiritual culture, our art, and the spiritual development of the cultural traditions of the Turkmen people, which is always a source of pride. At present, these precious traditions have a new meaning. Today, cultural diplomacy has become an important part of Turkmenistan’s international relations. At the same time, the conditions created by the State contribute to the qualitatively new development of the ancient national culture, c

National Children’s Games Serve to Bring up Younger Generation

“Our great future is linked indissolubly with your wellbeing and development. In this context, we consider the upbringing of generations on the basis of the noble traditions of our people one of the important tasks,” the President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov emphasised at the VII Congress of Magtymguly Youth Organisation of Turkmenistan. The national leader pays great attention to the tasks of implementing the state youth policy. The most recent examples include the participation of the President in the VII Congress of Magtymguly Youth Organisation of Turkmenistan, which took place on the first day of this academic year. The forum spotlighted the achievements of Turkmen youth, for whose harmonious development our country creates all the necessary conditions. Young people follow the spiritual traditions of the nation in their studies, work and broad social activity. Among them, a special role is given to reverence and respect for the elders and care for the younger generation, which embodies the goals of the harmonious education based on the best trends in national pedagogy.

Enriching the Centuries-Old Heritage of National Music and Singing Art

Final of the Contest “Çalsana, Bagşy!” Held in Ashgabat The final of the art contest “Çalsana, Bagşy!” that has been held in our country for the first time as part of the contest “Türkmeniň Altyn Asyry” initiated by the President of Turkmenistan took place at the Palace of Muqams of the State Cultural Centre.

Young people are the future of the country

The members of Magtymguly Youth Organization of Turkmenistan make a worthy contribution to the implementation of the Law of Turkmenistan on the State Youth Policy and of the instructions and assignments of the President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov. The VII Congress of Magtymguly Youth Organization of Turkmenistan was successfully held in Ashgabat, our beautiful capital, on the eve of the 31st anniversary of independence, and was attended by young people from all regions of the country.

Mirror of Creativity of Turkmen Craftswomen

Each monument of antiquity (tangible or intangible culture) left on the Turkmen land is a trace of our ancestors, a silent witness of the past. One of the four types of the world's oldest carpets found by archaeologists in the Pazyryk mounds in Altai (mid-I millennium BC) and now stored at the Hermitage (Russian Federation) is felt mat. All the peoples of Central Asia and Kazakhstan were engaged in the making of felt articles. In a number of cases, the Turkmen felt mat has preserved ancient patterns – symbols that can help specialists, ethnographers, archaeologists and art historians, understand the culture of distant ancestors – more clearly than a carpet.

Preserving National Cultural Heritage

In the period of the Revival of the New Era of the Powerful State under the leadership of our esteemed President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, the socio-political, socioeconomic, cultural and spiritual development is gaining new momentum in independent neutral Turkmenistan. Today, special attention in modern society is paid to the wide-scale study, popularisation and preservation of the national cultural and intangible heritage of the Turkmen people. This is illustrated by fruitful cooperation of our country with UNESCO – the specialised agency of the United Nations for education, science and culture. Turkmenistan became a full member of UNESCO on August 17, 1993, by ratifying the relevant document in London, which is expanding every year. In May, the Turkmen delegation took part in the 8th meeting of the National Commissions for UNESCO of the member countries of the International Organisation of Turkic Culture (TURKSOY), which took place in Bursa (Republic of Türkiye). This ancient city is the 2022 Cultural Capital of the Turkic World. This meeting plays a major role in promoting and preserving the tangible and intangible cultural wealth of the Turkic peoples. The participants discussed key aspects of multilateral cooperation on the UNESCO platform and outlined an action plan on preparation for the 30th anniversary of TURKSOY, which is being celebrated in 2023.

New Pop Stars Shine

A large-scale music and signing show that had been held throughout the country ended last weekend. The final round of the anniversary, 30th Ýaňlan, Diýarym! TV Contest of talented young performers took place in the amphitheatre of the Ashgabat Song and Music Centre in the capital city on the eve of the 31st anniversary of the sacred independence of Turkmenistan. An increasing number of gifted representatives of the younger generation participate in the contest every year. Hundreds of performers from all over the country took part in the qualifying round. Twelve performers were qualified to the final of the competition. They presented their bright vocal performances in different genres. It was very difficult to choose the best soloists, whose skills deserve the highest marks.

Culture of the Turkmen People is Ever-Living Heritage

In the period of the Revival of the New Era of the Powerful State, the conception of the preservation, development and promotion of the historical and cultural heritage of Turkmenistan is gaining great importance. Modern artistic vision has brought the layers of unique age-old traditions and customs, rich history and culture, ancient Turkmen mythology, legends and eposes to new life. The great attention paid by the Hero-Arkadag Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov to the level of culture and education of our people and the large-scale policy based on the principle “The state is for the people!”, continues now under the leadership of Serdar Berdimuhamedov, who underscored the importance of further efforts in popularising worldwide the cultural heritage of the Turkmen people and intensifying international cooperation in this sphere.

Embroidery that Reflects the Beauty of Nature

Under this name, an exhibition devoted to the national embroidery keşde is being held at the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan. Keşde is a delicate handiwork used to decorate women’s clothing.

Wings of the Soul of the Turkmen People

Quite recently, my colleagues and I had to make a trip towards the Kopetdag Mountains. We had driven already a decent distance from the city, when we saw an amazing miracle – horses grazing on the plain. We clung to the window to get a better view and to enjoy the beautiful Ahalteke horses. The entire history of the Turkmen people is linked inextricably with these amazing, noble and grateful horses. Their affection for a man, devotion and courage, fidelity and understanding have become the crucial factors of love and respect of the Turkmen people for the horses. Our ancestors, who created the Ahalteke horse breed many centuries ago, put their heart and soul into it and were ready to give their lives for their impeccable creation.

UNESCO – a Platform for Cooperation

The Museum of Fine Arts of Turkmenistan hosted a meeting between librarians and museum workers and the Executive Secretary of the Turkmenistan National Commission for UNESCO, Hero of Turkmenistan Chinar Rustemova. The event was organised with the support of the Ministry of Culture and the Women’s Union of Turkmenistan. The main theme under discussion was the preservation and large-scale promotion of the cultural heritage of the Turkmen people inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The Executive Secretary of the Turkmenistan National Commission for UNESCO Chinar Rustemova made a presentation on cooperation between Turkmenistan and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation.

Doll – a Talisman of Happiness

“Welcome to my realm of magic dolls,” the hostess greeted us, and we crossed the threshold of her hospitable house in Anau. The spacious rooms in a cosy house are full of all kinds of dolls: from babies to elders, dressed in national costumes made from eco-friendly materials. The rare and interesting specimens on stands are placed on shelves; several dolls are sitting on a bedside table, on a chest of drawers, and standing on shelves and in showcases. The dolls have an unusual appearance; each of them has its own history, biography and name. Each of them has a full wardrobe. A mini-museum of a huge collection of dolls – they number more than 200!

Returning to the Motherland

The history of Turkmen jewellery goes back to ancient times. This is confirmed by archaeological finds in the form of female figurines of ancient times, richly decorated with ornaments on clothes and headdresses. The high skill of working with silver, gold and stones of the Turkmen jewellers has been passed down from generation to generation. The combination of sophistication and nobility, wealth and moderateness makes Turkmen jewellery works of art, over which time has no power. The State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan hosted the opening of an exhibition entitled “Jewellery Art – Treasury of National Heritage”, where all the jewellery handed over by a Swiss citizen Natalie Markarian-Fard is presented to visitors.

A Masterpiece of Golden Fleece of Saraja sheep

From time immemorial Turkmen carpets and rugs have been considered an age-old attribute of weddings and other family celebrations. The birth of a child and a new carpet were joyful events. According to the tradition, the girl was laid on a new carpet, hoping that she would become a craftswoman in the future. The breadwinner in the family was a man, but the keepers of the family hearth did not sit idly. The ancestors said, “Cattle will bring prosperity to a dzhigit, and a carpet to a girl”. So it was. Men were engaged in cattle breeding, while women were engaged in cooking and carpet weaving, which they taught their daughters from childhood.

Kurban Bayramy – the Feast of Pious and Good Deeds

Since the first years of independence, in accordance with the Decree of the President of Turkmenistan, our country widely celebrates every year the holy holiday of Kurban Bayramy that is included in the official calendar of holidays and significant dates of Turkmenistan. This is primarily because Kurban Bayramy, Oraza Bayramy and Nowruz Bayramy are the timeless holidays of an enduring importance in the new historical conditions for maintaining social foundations, turning believers to spiritual sources and instilling respect for the high moral and humanistic ideals common to all world religions. Eid al-Adha, or Kurban Bayramy, as the Turkic peoples call it, is the biggest Muslim holiday. In Arabic, the name of the holiday is translated as “Feast of Sacrifice”.

President Serdar BERDIMUHAMEDOV: Week of culture – the festival of arts enhancing the creative potential of our Motherland

The Solemn Launch of the Cultural Forum The solemn opening ceremony of the Week of Culture-2022 was held at the Ruhiyet Palace in Mary. The large-scale action aimed at preserving, thoroughly studying and promoting the national culture demonstrates its ever-increasing role in the development of the state and society and its huge peace-making potential.

Invaluable Heritage of the Nation

An exhibition marking Turkmen Carpet Day took place at the Exhibition Centre of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Turkmenistan. The exhibition arranged in several halls of the Exhibition Centre featured delightful carpets and rugs, tapestries and carpet panels. Turkmen craftswomen have transformed this craft into an art that has been valued all over the world at all times and is recognised by UNESCO as part ofthe intangible cultural heritage of humankind. Today, Turkmenistan has secured its status of the large producer of textiles that are in great demand in world markets. The exhibition featured everything associated with interior design and weaving, namely decorative and upholstery fabrics, curtain fabrics and tulle, blind fabrics, woven wallpapers, rugs, bed linen, kitchen, bedroom, living-room and dining-room textiles.

Best Art Works Announced

The award ceremony of the winners and laurates of the Turkmen Theatrical Art Festival took place in a solemn atmosphere at Saparmurat Turkmenbashi the Great Main Drama Theatre. The gratitude was expressed to all those who had made this Festival a bright and unforgettable event in the cultural life of the country. “Due to the unceasing concern of President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, large-scale and fruitful work is being done in the country to promote culture,” the Director-producer of the best work of the Theatre Festival, Watan Buýsanjy – Jelaleddin Soltan, Eziz Ishanguliyev says. “During the days of the Festival, the spectators watched wonderful performances on the stages of the capital city. We can call the Main Drama Theatre of Turkmenistan a school of life, a dwelling of enlightenment and unforgettable emotions. The success of our performance is an inspiring impetus for creative activity of the theatre team.”

Nature and nation

Nature and its beauties serve as the first source of inspiration for the daily needs and essential interests of humanity. A clean, comfortable environment provides the key opportunities for the human health, for the development of talents and life, and for the increase in life expectancy. The mass tree-planting campaigns represent a modern continuation of national customs and ancient horticultural traditions related to the wise approach to natural resources, which contributes to the close relationships between the environment and society.

Sing, Dutar!

The video presentation of the song Saýra, Dutar! (Sing, Dutar!) by the Turkmen authors took place in the concert hall of the Mukams Palace of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan. It brought together musicians from the Turkic-speaking countries via videoconference, who performed this composition in a unified creative impulse. The initiator of the flash mob of musicians is the Ministry of Culture of Turkmenistan. As the self-explanatory title of the song implies, the flash mob is dedicated to the recent significant event in the cultural life of our country – the inclusion of dutar making craftsmanship and traditional music performing art combined with singing in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. The dutar has been the foundation of spiritual life of the Turkmen people over many centuries, which is why it is called one of the symbols of Turkmenistan. They cried and rejoiced, experienced hard times and celebrated holidays to its melodies. The performers of destans – baghshis enjoy tremendous respect of the people, and the names of many of them live among the people to this day.