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3 million trees and grape seedlings to be planted in Turkmenistan in 2024

«7/24. tm» № 08 (195), 19.02.2024 In Turkmenistan, 3 million deciduous, coniferous and fruit trees and grape seedlings will be planted in 2024. President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov signed the Resolution at the government meeting on the outcomes of 2023.

Ensuring environmental safety is one of the main principles of Turkmenistan

During the Revival of the new Era of the Powerful State, great work is being done by our Hero Arkadag Serdar to improve the ecological condition of the country. In order to protect ecological well-being, our country has established mutual co-operation relations with the United Nations, the European Union and other international organizations. In this regard, our Hero Arkadag Serdar, in his historic speech at the 78th session of the UN General Assembly, put forward a number of concrete initiatives. In his speech, the President proposed to prepare a target of ecological strategy of the United Nations for Central Asia, to create a regional centre for technologies related to climate change in Central Asia, to create the «Caspian ecological initiative» and drew the attention of the world community to solving the ecological problems of Central Asia. Description of the national views on climate change and environmental safety in the speech of the President of Turkmenistan at the twenty-eighth session of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28) in Dubai on December 1-2, 2023, the General Assembly's statement of the General Assembly It was published and distributed as the official document of the 78th session of the United Nations. The Statement was published in the agenda of the current meeting of the General Assembly on the clauses «Protection of global weathe

Ecological Wellbeing: Today and Tomorrow

Under the leadership of the President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov, in the period of the Revival of the New Era of the Powerful State, the country has a developed legal framework directed at environment protection that includes requirements for environmental safety, environmental control, the efficient use of water resources, the prevention of land degradation and the conservation of biodiversity. Establishing ecological diplomacy as one of the main priorities of Turkmenistan’s foreign policy, the head of state emphasises the importance of humanisation of the system of international relations, its focus on environmental wellbeing and the building-up development processes, based on moral principles, and puts the value of human life at the forefront adhering to the state slogan “The state is for the people!” Reducing the anthropogenic impact on nature is facilitated by increasing the country’s scientific and technical potential and the comprehensive work being carried out to modernise the fuel and energy complex, the construction and chemical industries and public utilities. The basis for such activities was laid by the Law “On Environmental Safety” adopted by the Mejlis of Turkmenistan in June 2017. It reflects the main issues of environmental safety, which are now concentrated in one unified document. The document also introduced into legal use legal concepts such as “

Both tasty and nutritious

The first half of autumn has passed and almost all the fruit have been gathered from the gardens. Only late-ripening quinces and persimmons remain, the fruits of which change colour from green to orange and stand out among the foliage. Over the past decades, the crop has become popular among domestic gardeners and is now grown in almost all regions of the country. In a rare private garden, there will not be at least a couple of such trees. At the same time, Turkmen farmers are also increasing their varietal diversity (in total, about twenty varieties of the crop are distinguished, including Caucasian, Virginia (small-fruited), oriental and others; according to ripening periods they can be early, middle and late). This is evidenced by the saturating of markets with persimmons every late autumn until spring. Judging by these bright piles of sunny fruit offered by our agricultural producers, we can conclude that there are already local selection forms, including those with convex segments around the circumference of the fruit, somewhat reminiscent of a ripe pumpkin.

The President of Turkmenistan took part in a nationwide gardening campaign and got acquainted with the progress of work on the horse breeding development

Today, President Serdar Berdimuhamedov took part in a nationwide gardening campaign that covered all regions of the Motherland, during which he also got acquainted with the ongoing work on breeding Akhalteke horses. The Head of the Turkmen state invariably emphasizes the great importance of the nationwide landscaping program implemented in the country, primarily from the point of view of environmental well-being, creation of favorable conditions for the life of Turkmen citizens. In this context, special attention is paid to the formation of new forest park zones near settlements, where they will bring the greatest benefit to people in the developed areas of cities expanding their borders.

Climate Change is a Focal Point for Concerting Efforts

Climate change is a global challenge of the 21st century. Taking urgent actions to combat climate change and its impacts is Goal 13, which the United Nations calls upon all states to achieve. To stop climate change by 2030, Member States decided that each country should develop and implement a national programme to combat climate change; should disseminate knowledge about actions that help combat climate change; and should support the activities of the Green Climate Fund, which was established to support developing countries in achieving an enhancement of their ability to respond to climate change. The main international intergovernmental mechanism for agreeing on global responses to climate change is the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change. Turkmenistan is a party to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Climate Agreement that create a unique opportunity to regulate the impact of human activities on the environment and climate through international agreements.

Important area of state development

Turkmenistan is located in the southwest of the Central Asia region. It is bordered by Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the north and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and the Caspian Sea to the west. The northern areas of Turkmenistan experience longer, colder winters and more snow and shorter, relatively milder summers. The southern regions experience milder winters with average temperature well above freezing point and the hottest summers. In Turkmenistan, ecology is influenced by its diverse landscapes and unique ecosystems. Turkmenistan is the home to several significant ecological regions, including the Karakum Desert, the Caspian Sea coast and the Kopetdag mountain range.

Drip irrigation device

The Technology Centre of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has developed an innovative drip irrigation injector that allows efficiently using water, boosts the growth of plant-associated microbes that convert the unavailable nutrients to available form and helps utilise many types of industrial emissions. The device is made of lump sulphur, activated carbon, metal shavings, river sand and fat-and-oil soapstock, or returnable industrial waste, and looks like a tube with tubules, which is buried deep to the base. The injector is connected to the water supply network and delivers moisture and nutrients directly to the root system. Thus, water does not directly come into contact with the above-ground parts of plants, which slows down decay and fungi reproduction. The Centre has also developed the composition of “eco-granules”, which to some extent contribute to land desalinization, the assimilation of necessary microelements by agricultural crops and the growth of useful soil microbes. The mixture is composed of calcined algae, trace elements of thermo-mineral water, slaked lime, zeolite and other additives, it is a waste material of cleaning reservoirs and canals and brings an additional amount of organic matter to areas under cultivation. The emulsion with the additive can be sprayed on plant stems. The authors of two inventions are scientists Meretmuhammet Hudayberdiyev an

Inside the UN goal to cut plastic pollution by 80% by 2040

Plastic pollution could be slashed by 80% by 2040, according to a new report by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP). Plastic pollution is a scourge that affects every part of the world, from the Arctic to the oceans, and the air we breathe. It’s even changing ecosystems. Scientists recently found rocks made from plastic on a remote Brazilian island and there is now so much plastic swirling in parts of the Pacific Ocean that communities of coastal creatures are thriving on it, thousands of miles from their home.

To Support Sustainable Development

“Her Land, Her Rights” was the theme of this year’s International Day to Combat Desertification and Drought, which calls for women’s equal access to land and land-related assets – a direct investment in the future of their children and entire humanity. Thus, the international community indicates that it is time for women to be more actively involved in decision-making on land restoration and drought resilience. Desertification, drought and other factors of climate change are now familiar not only to arid territories, they have acquired the global status of factors that affect the system of international environmental security, the socioeconomic stability of agrarian regions of the planet and the development of countries with a hot climate. Scientists believe that in order to reduce the rate of desertification, it is necessary to perform reforestation, purified and desalinated water reuse, phyto-reclamation, soil enrichment and fertilisation and to promote natural land regeneration. The Ecological Day is associated with the adoption of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (June 17, 1994), which Turkmenistan ratified in 1996. A year later, it began to implement its own action programme, the range of tasks of which includes the rational use of pastures, the development of forestry, the afforestation of shifting sands, the improvement of the condition of irrigat

Co-operation in ecology is one of the priority trends of Turkmenistan

Strategic partnership for the sake of global peace, progress and prosperity — this fundamental principle of the policy of positive neutrality pursued by our Esteemed President Serdar Berdimuhamedov is highly important today. Our Fatherland is making a significant contribution to the creation of new formats of relations that are in line with the spirit of the times and global development trends in the 21st century. In its foreign policy activities, Turkmenistan prioritizes the strengthening and expansion of cooperation with international structures, provides constant assistance in the implementation of decisions and agreements adopted by organizations of which it is a member. In this regard, fruitful co-operation of Turkmenistan with the United Nations Organization, which is built on the principles of strategic partnership and which has received new content at modern stage, is worth to be mentioned. At present time, our state is a member of number of structural divisions of the United Nations, under which it carries out its activity. Partnership with other big international and regional organizations is also developed steadily.

Ecology and Energy

Climate change is one of the major challenges of the 21st century. Its most dire consequences can still be avoided if efforts are made to transform existing energy systems. In this regard, renewable energy sources (RES) have a great potential to replace greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion and thereby mitigate climate change impacts. When used properly, RES can contribute to social and economic growth, provide access to energy, ensure a reliable and sustainable energy supply and reduce the adverse environmental and health impacts of energy supplies.

Pomegranate tree in horticulture and wildlife

In the Middle Ages, travellers who set on a journey along long caravan routes across the desert took with them dates as food and quenched their thirst with pomegranate fruits, the properties of which were described by the chroniclers of Ancient Greece long before Ancient Rome was founded. Pomegranate is one of the oldest edible fruit known to the world, the tree is mentioned in sacred scriptures and considered a symbol of beauty and fertility, and its various parts were used for tanning leather and dyeing wool yarn and silk fabric. Today, in addition to horticulture, this species serves as an effective plant material for reforestation of flooded lands, consolidation of mountain slopes and river banks, and it is an excellent decorative element for any garden thanks to its attractive flowers and fruits. Currently, pomegranates in horticulture are found almost throughout the country, it is difficult to find a garden without this tree. In Turkmenistan, pomegranate farming is closely linked to the nature and culture of the inhabitants of the foothills of the Kopetdag Mountains, the hilly and mountainous territories of the Ahal oasis and the hilly subtropics of the Balkan velayat, where wild thickets of this plant have been preserved. Wild nar (pomegranate) can be found along the banks of the Sumbar River and the Chendyr River and in the valleys of the gorges Yoldere and Aydere and i

The Miracle of the Kopetdag Spring

High in the mountains, where spring comes late, the magical time, hidden from human eyes, continues and fascinates with the swiftness of the change in the variety of flowering herbaceous plants. This most wonderful period absorbed precious moments of vegetation of rare and endemic plants into short three or four weeks. The flowering parade of botanical rarities of the Kopetdag Mountains will flash by like a fast flowing mountain stream. First flowers – the heralds of spring – begin to open their petals on the hills of the foothills long before the onset of calendar spring, as if according to schedule, despite the ups and downs of the weather, sometimes they peep out from under the non-melted snow, therefore they are popularly called snowdrops. They symbolise the start of a new round of the annual cycle of nature and therefore deserve careful and caring attitude. It is the Merendera robusta that appears first: its flowers, pressed to the wet ground, look like large snowflakes or drops of milk and exude a subtle delicate aroma. In early spring, in the upper horizon of the mountains on the steep cliffs of the peaks, a rare plant awakens to life – a dense green “cushion” of the Dionysia tapetodes with a height of up to 20 cm. This is an amazing miracle of nature living on stones. Shortened shoots of the plant with inflorescences were laid already in the autumn, their

Inhabitants of Karakum Lakes

According to one of the versions, the Karakum Desert “begins its lineage” from the ancient dried up Aral-Caspian Sea as part of the prehistoric Tethys Ocean, representing the seabed in the distant geological past. The second, river version, which many modern scientists follow after Academician V. A. Obruchev, says the Turan desert was built by the rivers that carried its debris from the southern mountain ranges, washed the soil, changing the course and forming a huge mass of sands. In any case, older marine sediments are buried under the river sands. Depressions, sinkholes, soil structural discontinuities and karst voids can be found in this multi-layered sandy ocean. All these sights together can be called a unique landscape monument. For example, the Sarykamysh depression and drainless Archakay depression located below the ocean level have become a well-known natural phenomenon like the deep Darvaza gas crater. For wildlife lovers, an unexpected discovery will be a trip to another depression located northwest of the Zengibaba chink. It is filled with weakly brackish drainage water coming from the Shasenem agricultural massif through the Malyab bypass canal, forming a chain of large and small lakes 15 kilometres long joined by channels.

3 million trees to be planted in Turkmenistan in 2023

«7/24. tm», № 10 (145), 06.03.2023 In 2023, it is planned to plant 3 million seedlings of trees and grapes in Turkmenistan. President of Turkmenistan Serdar Berdimuhamedov signed the relevant Resolution as part of the implementation of the National Forestry Programme for 2021-2025.

Developing “Green” Energy

The main aspects of the state policy, pursued by President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, are to ensure high economic growth rates through the efficient and sustainable use of natural resources, to create favourable conditions for the people and contribute to international efforts to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Turkmenistan adopted the programme of digital transformation of science in 2020–2025 that sets the tasks of ensuring the integrity of science and education and the specificity and effectiveness of innovative projects developed in the country for the national economy. In this regard, tremendous attention is paid to training specialists who are able to develop science-intensive areas of applied research, to link an innovative idea with its practical application and to apply various modern technologies and methods in a useful way. For this purpose, the State Energy Institute of Turkmenistan trains specialists who are familiar with innovative technologies, purposeful and broad-minded, and this is intended to increase the number and diversify the areas of research activities, to improve their efficiency and to raise the necessity in them for the state and society. The joint use of research capacities of higher educational institutions, their interaction and the creation of favourable conditions for young researchers remain the focus of attention.

Underwater garage for 7,000 bicycles built in Amsterdam

«7/24. tm», № 05 (140), 30.01.2023 An engineering marvel has appeared in Amsterdam near the central station - a unique underwater garage for 7,000 bicycles. On January 26, the official opening of the structure, located directly under the city’s canals and pleasure boats, will take place, writes The Guardian.

Olive in Fruit Growing and Landscaping

In the modern scientific classification, the olive as a botanical genus unites 80 species that grow in the countries with a subtropical climate, where this plant performs the function of an ameliorant for terraced mountain slopes, protecting them from erosion and landslides with its dense and branched root system. Despite a variety of species, only European olive is cultivated, 25 species are used in industrial production – table, oilseed and universal ones. In Turkmenistan, the fruit form is widely introduced in the town of Turkmenbashi, the Esenguly and Magtymguly etraps and other places where a subtropical climate prevails. The first olive plantations in those places were planted in the late 1930s on the initiative of the Academician Vavilov. Now, the trees are planted in the private garden sector of the capital and its suburbs, perhaps there are such plantings in other places, because industrious hands can grow the most exotic crops in the fertile Turkmen land – from black pepper and banana to papaya. Walnut, cherry and persimmon trees can grow and bear fruit in our climatic conditions, then why not try the olive tree – one of the oldest evergreen fruit crops?

Landscaping and Improvement of the Turkmen Land – Care of Improving Living Standards of the People

The mass tree planting action organised in the new modern administrative centre of the Ahal velayat was held with the participation of the Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty of the Milli Gengesh of Turkmenistan, Honorary Elder Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, who was also interested in the state of construction work being carried out there. The event marking the beginning of the autumn season of the greening campaign was attended by the leaders of the new centre, builders, honorary elders and youth. A representative of the younger generation addressed Arkadag with a request to start the autumn season of mass tree planting in the territory of the new centre of the Ahal velayat.