"Neutral Turkmenistan" newspaper

Founder: The Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan
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The basis of education

Along with different sports, special attention is attached to the Turkmen national games in our epoch. Our ancestors added the national principles, traditions, customs, as well as national games to the treasury of the world culture. The national games created by our ancestors have played an important role in the physical and mental development of the people and have preserved their importance at all times. The Turkmen people have always paid special attention to the upbringing of children and their development as many-sided individuals. The concern of the President of Turkmenistan for children is the pride of every parent. The living standards of our people are excellent. The upbringing of children should be perfect. In their turn, national games form the basis of education.

WORLD FAMOUS PATTERNS

In the capital in January 26 to 28, 2022 at high organizational level were held the exhibition and the International Scientifi and Practical Conference called «Turkmen Land – the Hearth of Famous Cultural Values in the World». With the videos dedicated to the national historical and cultural heritage, archaeological findings and ancient patterns such as «tazy guyruk» «it yatak» «gujuk yzy» the opening ceremony of the forum has begun. Ethnographic expositions of the capital and regions of the country with the clearly artistic orientation of various art schools such as samples of pottery, kilims, carpets and rugs, jewelry was presented at the exhibition of handicraft art which was organized in the Exhibition Hall of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry. A special attention of the exhibition was given to the books of President Arkadag. An exhibition of best Turkmen Alabays on the special platform has   increased   an   effectiveness of the exhibition. The perfor- mance of Alabays made the ceremony more brightly. They have demonstrated an excellent training in the execution of commands.

To pre­serve the me­mo­ry of ge­ne­ra­tions

Du­ring the inau­gu­ra­tion cere­mo­ny, the Pre­si­dent of Turk­me­nis­tan Ser­dar Ber­di­mu­ha­me­dov no­ted in his speech that mea­su­res would be ta­ken to care­ful­ly pre­serve and stu­dy his­to­rical and cul­tu­ral he­ri­ta­ge si­tes and to res­to­re his­to­rical and cul­tu­ral mo­nu­ments. The Sta­te Prog­ram­me for the care­ful treat­ment, pre­servation and stu­dy of ob­jects of the na­tio­nal his­to­rical and cul­tu­ral he­ri­ta­ge and for their inclu­sion in tou­rist rou­tes for 2022–2028, app­roved by the Decree of the Pre­si­dent of Turk­me­nis­tan, is a vivid con­fir­ma­tion of the words of the he­ad of sta­te sa­id at the inau­gu­ra­tion cere­mo­ny. This Sta­te Prog­ram­me covers a comp­lex of sta­tio­na­ry archaeo­lo­gical re­search and res­to­ra­tion activities plan­ned for his­to­rical and cul­tu­ral mo­nu­ments in al­most all velayats of the count­ry. It al­so provides for the con­ti­nua­tion of the work al­rea­dy be­gun on the stu­dy and pre­servation of ob­jects of his­to­rical and cul­tu­ral he­ri­ta­ge, and al­so gives a start to new, previous­ly non-con­ducted re­search.

Land of Bles­sings

This was the na­me of a bloo­ming oa­sis located in the ancient del­ta of the Murg­hab River in an­tique ti­mes, which ama­zed travel­lers with its fer­ti­li­ty and develo­ped cul­tu­re. From ti­me im­me­mo­rial, the cent­re of that re­gion bles­sed by all the gods was Merv. In that mul­ti­faceted and mul­ti-tri­bal tra­de cent­re, located at the cross­roads, ar­tis­tic sty­les, cul­tu­res and cults of the East and the West develo­ped in­ter­pe­net­ra­ting with each ot­her. And various re­li­gious be­liefs we­re in­tert­wi­ned in­to the comp­lex pictu­re of con­fes­sio­nal his­to­ry – Zo­roast­ria­nism, Chris­tia­ni­ty, Ma­nichaeism and Budd­hism, which ma­de the spi­ri­tual at­mosp­he­re of this ancient cent­re of world civili­sa­tion ab­so­lu­te­ly unique. A Budd­hist stu­pa, a temp­le of the “great sacred fi­re” and an oval Chris­tian mo­nas­te­ry built al­most near­by tes­ti­fy to the at­mosp­he­re of great re­li­gious to­le­rance.

The turkmen alabay– Our national value

Protecting national values and popularizing them in the world is one of the primary trends of the state policy constantly put into practice by our He­ro Ar­kadag. Improving further the selection of species and the number of the Turkmen Alabay dogs became an important trend of wide-scale works carried out in this sphere. The book «Turkmen Alabay» by our Esteemed President tells about the role of the Alabay dogs in the life and fate of the Turkmen people. The book tells about the origin and development of the species of the Alabay dogs, about scientific research works, reflections, historical and literary information. In May of 2020 the «Turkmen Alabay Dogs» Association was established. Its main aim is constantly increasing the number of Turkmen Alabay dogs, using the national selection methods and dog-breeding traditions reaching the international level. And it vividly shows that the care for the Alabay dogs which are considered devoted comrades and the national pride on level of the country gives positive results. The archaeological finds discovered during the archaeological excavations in the territory of Turkmenistan in Altyndepe, Gongurdepe, in Nusay, in Dangdanakan located in 60 km. from ancient Merv prove that the Alabay dogs are one of the ancient the species. As a result of the archaeological excavations in different parts of our country historians discovered the traces

A ho­li­day of tas­te, pre­sen­ted by now­ruz!

Now­ruz has come – the who­le world is bloo­ming to­day.The nigh­tin­ga­le is sin­ging about the ro­se to­day. Re­joicing, the heart is drin­king joy to­day. In the de­sert, the gar­den of hap­pi­ness is gro­wing to­day... Turk­men po­et Shey­dayi (1730 — 1800)

Old Fort­ress on the Banks of the Uz­boy

The wes­tern part of our count­ry abounds with sacred mo­nu­ments. Mas­hat Mes­sa­rian, Pa­rav Bi­bi, Goz­li Ata, Shib­li Ba­ba and Ib­ra­him Ho­ja are located the­re. The­re are al­so litt­le-known his­to­rical and archaeo­lo­gical si­tes, si­tua­ted far away from the ur­ban civili­sa­tion, stu­died litt­le and visi­ted ra­re­ly. One of them is the ruins of the Ig­dy-ka­la fort­ress. Whi­le par­ticipa­ting in field expe­di­tions for ma­ny years, I hap­pe­ned to drive mo­re than once not far from that place – just a few ki­lo­met­res, but I visi­ted the fort­ress on­ly last spring, af­ter I had de­ter­mi­ned its exact coor­di­na­tes through sa­tel­li­te naviga­tion. …In the spring, du­ring the flo­we­ring and frui­ting pe­riods, the cover of du­ne sands ma­kes an ini­mi­tab­le imp­res­sion. Bloo­ming po­pu­la­tions of stri­go­sel­la are scat­te­red over vast areas and crea­te a kind of mo­saic ef­fect on the du­ne slo­pes – the li­lac-vio­let spots among tall gras­ses, “ra­ging” in the wind, that ri­se du­ring the short ra­in sea­son. At that ti­me, the blos­so­ming and frui­ting kan­dym, who­se flo­wers emit a de­licate aro­ma and who­se fruits lo­ok li­ke bus­hy balls, is char­ming. The bus­hes stud­ded with bright­ly colou­red “balls” re­semb­le a New Year tree.

Alabay is our cultural heritage

The President of Turkmenistan has great respect for our cultural values and emphasizes that alabay is the wealth of our Motherland, a national value created by our ancestors, that our duty is to preserve it and pass it on to the future generations with all its splendour. Large-scale work is underway to maintain the purity of the breed and to increase the number of alabays last years. The Turkmen Alabay International Association was established; the Turkmen alabay breeding centres were built and put into operation in the regions of our country to preserve, protect and train alabays. These facts demonstrate the deep respect for national values thanks to the concern of the President of Turkmenistan in our great epoch.

Unique Specimen of Turk­men Archi­tectu­re

The eas­tern re­gion of the count­ry abounds with ancient mo­nu­ments that have come down to us. This pri­ma­ri­ly re­fers to the Ka­ra­be­kaul his­to­rical and cul­tu­ral oa­sis located in the heart of the velayat. The­re, 21 ancient buil­dings stand in a re­la­tively small area along the banks of the Amu­da­rya River. The Sol­tan­niyaz­beg fort­ress ta­kes a special place among them. It is located 63 ki­lo­met­res from Turk­me­na­bat. It is not visib­le from a dis­tance, and on­ly when the car climbs the hill, nu­me­rous ruins of various sha­pe and si­ze will ap­pear to the left of the ro­ad. Ancient archi­tects did not choo­se the place of const­ructi­on by chance: a wi­de view from the hill al­lo­wed the in­ha­bi­tants a cen­tu­ry ago to see the app­roaching ene­mies and to pre­pa­re to de­fend the fort­ress. In his scien­ti­fic work Ancient Le­bap, the re­now­ned re­searcher of the his­to­ry of the eas­tern velayat Al­bert Burk­ha­nov wri­tes that the peop­le of the Er­sa­ry tri­be be­gan to sett­le on the banks of the midd­le reaches of the Amu­da­rya River in the 16th cen­tu­ry. They we­re cha­racte­ri­sed by a dis­per­sed sett­le­ment and the const­ructi­on of lar­ge fort­res­ses. As a ru­le, they used the re­mains of the Kus­han ancient and me­dieval sett­le­ments for this (the Kus­han sta­te du­ring its hey­day covered a sig­ni­ficant part of mo­dern Afg­ha­nis­tan, C

Respect for our national values

Only a healthy person can think comprehensively. Achievements in science, education and sports demonstrate that the minds of the Turkmen youth are healthy and perfect. The subject and Internet Olympiads, creative competitions, the national and international sports tournaments are important events that improve the skills of the Turkmen youth on the path to perfection. These competitions help to discover new talents each year. The President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has recently visited the Ahalteke Equestrian Complex of the President of Turkmenistan. At the venue, the Turkmen leader watched the ‘heavenly’ horses and engaged in creative writing. The President of Turkmenistan noted that, as they say ‘At – myrat’ (‘Horse – purpose’), and the art of horse breeding is enriched. The Turkmen leader emphasized that special significance is attached to the ‘heavenly’ horses and their purity, and expressed his gratitude to horse breeders for their great work.

Pre­serving the Ma­nuscript He­ri­ta­ge of Py­ra­gy

Spea­king at the 8th Sum­mit of the Coo­pe­ra­tion Council of Tur­kic-Spea­king Sta­tes on Novem­ber 12, 2021, Pre­si­dent Gurbanguly Ber­di­mu­ha­me­dov no­ted, “The outs­tan­ding rep­re­sen­ta­tives of the Tur­kic peop­les are Mag­tym­gu­ly Py­ra­gy, Yu­nus Em­re, Mu­ham­mad Fi­zu­li, Abay, Yu­suf Ba­la­sa­gu­ni and Mu­ham­mad Ulugh Beg, who­se works con­ti­nue to ins­pi­re us to achieve new heights. Facing se­rious chal­len­ges to­day, we are gui­ded by the his­to­rical le­gacy of the great sta­tes­men and scho­lars of our fra­ter­nal peop­les, who bequeat­hed the im­pe­ris­hab­le princip­les of hu­ma­nism, go­od neigh­bour­li­ness and uni­ty.” To­day, the li­fe dicta­tes the ne­ed for the in-depth stu­dy of the his­to­ry and cul­tu­re of the na­tion, its tra­di­tions and cus­toms. The re­search is ba­sed pri­ma­ri­ly on writ­ten mo­nu­ments. All writ­ten mo­nu­ments rep­re­sent a col­lecti­on of various documents and records, which al­low in ma­ny as­pects recrea­ting the pa­let­te of the cul­tu­ral li­fe of the Turk­men peop­le over the cen­tu­ries. The Turk­men bo­ok cul­tu­re develo­ped in the con­di­tions that we­re com­mon and clo­se for ma­ny peop­les of the Cent­ral Asian re­gion. The­re­fo­re, the stu­dy of the mo­nu­ments of Turk­men bo­ok cul­tu­re reveals a num­ber of ma­te­rials ref­lecting the cul­tu­ral li­fe of the neigh­bou­ring na­tions of Cent­ral Asia.

Ceramic Calligraphy

Calligraphy (from Greek – the art of beautiful handwriting) – an ancient branch of applied graphics, the aesthetic design of a handwritten font is very popular among the many trends of Islamic arts. Calligraphy occupies a special place in the art of Islam. It came from the copying of the Holy Qur’an and began to flourish at the earliest stages of Islamic history. Soon the letters turned into decorative ones, and an angular pictographic form, which resembles the simplified types of hieroglyphs, developed. This form of writing was called Kufi (after the city of Kufi in Iran) and continued to be used for five centuries after the rise of Islam. In addition, it was used to write the titles of manuscripts and their sections. At first, the Arabs used the Hijazi script, which retained cuneiform writing with right angles. Gradually, new handwritings began to develop, most of which were variants of the “magnificent six” calligraphic scripts recognised as canonical. These Are Naskh, Muhaqqaq, Suls, Riqah, Rayhani and Tauqi. Each script was used in a certain area.

The national pride of the people

Our people have always had deep respect for the national values and heritage of ancestors. As is known, this respect has been enhanced in the epoch of might and happiness. Impressive work is underway to preserve and promote our national values under the wise leadership of the President of Turkmenistan, and to create wonderful conditions for the selecting and breeding of thoroughbred Turkmen alabays. The Türkmen alabaý itleri Association was established on May 7, 2020 on the initiative and thanks to support of the Turkmen leader. This fact demonstrated great state concern for the alabays, which represent an example of courage, faithfulness and bravery, and for the traditions of the national school of dog breeding, selecting and raising to be passed down to the future generations.

Our national pride

The sayings related to heritage and happiness, namely, ‘horse is heritage’, ‘dog comes with happiness’, ‘dog is happiness’, prove that the Turkmen people saw their heritage and happiness in horses and alabays. The origin, bravery, sensitivity, courage, wisdom of alabays, which are considered loyal friends and companions, as well as many historical facts prove that these dogs are very ancient and faithful. These facts are reflected in historical sources and provoke love of the Turkmen youth. Archaeological findings on the territory of Turkmenistan, namely, in Altyndepe, Gonurdepe, Nisa, and Dandanakan (60 km from Ancient Merv), confirm that alabay is one of the oldest breeds of dogs. To date, impressive work is underway to cherish the values of the Turkmen people that have been perfected for millennia and to pass them down to the future generations thanks to the concern of the President of Turkmenistan in the epoch of might and happiness.

Alabay is our national pride

On January 7, 2022, the President of Turkmenistan held the first online meeting of the Cabinet of Ministers to discuss priority issues related to different sectors of the national economy. The scientific study of the national designs that glorify the Turkmen alabays was among the issues discussed at the meeting. To date, impressive work is underway in the museums of our country on the preservation, study and promotion of the ancient arts of the Turkmen people, as well as the specimens of carpets and felt mats with ancient gyols (patterns), such as ‘It ýatak’, ‘Tazy guýruk’, ‘Güjük yzy’ dated back to the 19th-20th centuries. As was noted, the results of the work will enhance the international prestige of the Turkmen alabay. The national features of training and breeding of the Turkmen alabays will supplement the information prepared to be included in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage List. The President of Turkmenistan emphasized the importance of the study and preservation of the historical and cultural heritage of the Turkmen people and instructed to include this area of study in the curriculum of the institutions of higher education, particularly of those, which study the humanities, and to attract both scientists and members of the Milli Gengesh to the work on protection of this heritage.

Mysteries of medieval city

The heritage of our people is an integral part of the world cultural heritage, therefore, the deep study and wide popularisation of the monuments of the material and spiritual culture of the Turkmen people are in the focus of the attention of the President of Turkmenistan. There were many large settlements in the medieval Merv oasis, and many of them were located along the caravan routes connecting Merv with Nisa, Khwarezm, Amul, Sarahs and Merverud. Historical and geographical writings of the medieval East tell about cities and settlements such as Faz, Jirendj, Mehdiabad, Yahyaabad, Karineyn, Asadabad, Laukar, Hauzan and al-Ahnaf. The road from Merv to Merverud was part of a large route that went further to cities and countries that existed in the territory of modern states of Afghanistan, Pakistan and India.

Abu Sayid Mehneyi, or Mane-baba

The ancient lands of Turkmenistan abound with the famous personalities – ascetics, prominent figures of their times. One of them is the spiritual mentor Abu Sayid Mehneyi, called Meana Baba. His mausoleum, an architectural monument of the 11th century, not only is known as a specimen of medieval architecture, but also is visited frequently. He was born in 967 in the territory of modern Turkmenistan near Meana village (Mane in Turkmen) in the Kaahka etrap, Ahal velayat, 45 km south-east of the present-day Dushak railway station. In the Middle Ages, that area was called Havaran Sahrasy or Desht-i-Havaran – Havaran steppe. About a thousand years ago, there was a city of Mehne, known as the birthplace of many scientists and poets who bore the prefix to their own name “mehneyi”, which means “born in Mehne”, near the Meana village. The most famous of them was Abu Sayid Mehneyi, an elder of the Khorasan school of mysticism. His full name is Fadlullah bin Abul Khair. His father Abul Khair was an expert in medicinal herbs, imparted pharmaceutical knowledge and practice to his son. Abu Sayid studied for many years in Merv and then in Serahs, where he studied law and interpretation of the scriptures. At that time, he lived in seclusion, indulging in strict ascetic and mystical exercises. In subsequent years, he practiced in Nishapur, Amul, Mehne and Abiverd and often sang, and, according

Carpet Traditions of the Coastal Region

The variety and perfection of Turkmen matting carpets is a result of centuries of creative invention and selection of the most perfect artistic means and the talent of folk craftswomen. In such carpets, dark, brown-red and red-brown tones prevail, and the ornament and colour range differ depending on the traditions of different regions of the country, where their own unique foundations have been accumulated, amazing motives and performance characteristics have been concentrated, and schools that support their original trends and distinctive features of carpet weaving, including techniques for making patterns, have been formed. These skills have survived to nowadays and can be seen in the works of carpet weavers – our contemporaries. It is all the more interesting for specialists to see mutual influence or, on the contrary, adherence to purely local foundations of carpet weaving. There are peculiarities of such art on the Caspian coast in the western part of the country. In cultural studies, “coastal” carpets are called Yomud from the late 19th-early 20th centuries. This area of the Turkmen carpet is an integral part of ancient folk art and is important for the study of their production, the continuation and development of local traditions in the modern look of the Turkmen carpet. Today, an extensive collection of such items are among the exhibits of the Main Museum of Turkmeni

Kyariz — a Miracle of Ancient Hydraulic Engineering

Water is a source of life. Every drop of life-giving moisture is worth its weight in gold in the Karakum Desert, which occupies the largest part of the sacred Turkmen land. This is live water, covered with legends. According to the tradition, from ancient times people treated it with great respect and greeted it, “Essalawmaleýkim, suw aga!” In the ancient written epos Gorkut Ata, Salyr Gazan talked to water as a living being, emphasising that it saw the face of the Almighty. This article is about water and kyarizes, built by our ancestors since ancient times.

A Colourful Symphony of Handmade Art

Woven scarves and shawls have a special place among the famous unique products that are the pride of the Turkmen people. However, the colourful variety of headscarves pales before one of the main attributes for a bride’s dress. This is duypli gynach – a homespun headscarf, rather a shawl, the largest in size and the most impressive in beauty, a handmade art work of ornamental weaving, perfectly complementing the national festive clothes of the Turkmen woman. Almost every family have handkerchiefs, skilfully made with great love, which are kept in grandmother’s chest. The custom of tying the woven shawl duypli gynach on a high headdress boryk or topby, worn by married women, began to be forgotten in the 1960-70s. Today, the woven shawl has regained popularity, and it is often an element of the national wedding ceremony – the change of a girl’s attire for a woman’s one. Further changes are associated with the invention of more convenient forms that do not interfere with work and are consistent with national traditions.