Healthy life style – the key to health of every citizen

Following a habit to do sport exercises and physical training on weekends, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has spared his time days off on it and visited equestrian complex. In the morning, the Head of the State has made a cycling ride as a warmup. Fresh mountain air makes favorable effect on people, charges with energy and inspire for creativity.

Healthy Behaviour Is a Key to good health

Today, we will talk much about personal hygiene rules, as cleanliness is a key to good health. The spread of a huge number of infectious diseases transmitted through dirty hands, household items and droplets can be prevented by observing personal and public hygiene rules. Personal hygiene, regular hand washing and observance of cough and sneeze etiquette and social or safe distance are indispensable requirements in our modern life. Hands must be thoroughly washed with soap and running water. Wash your hands with soap for at least 20 seconds and lather the backs of your hands, palms, between your fingers and under your nails. Then rinse your hands under running water and wipe them dry. If there is no water, disinfectant solutions should be used to sanitise the hands.

Many Benefits in a Drop of Oil

Vegetable oil is perhaps the most popular foodstuff used in every family. And the advice of medical specialists to give preference to vegetable oils, not animal fats, raises many questions. For example, which oil to choose, which is more useful? After all, each oil plant has its own type of oil, for example, sunflower, corn, olive, rapeseed and others. The Director of the Information Centre of the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan Ogulmyahri Geldiyeva answers these questions for NT readers:

Innovative level Turkmen medicine: For the sake of human bein as the main value of the state

Opening of big facilities of medical sphere, which have been added to the health protection infrastructure of our country were opened on October 10, the Day of Health Protection and Medical Industry Personnel. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov took part in the ceremonies timed to remarkable date. In the morning, the Head of the State has come to the place on Bikrovinskaya Street where the buildings of International Burn Center, which construction has started in March 2018, were built.

“Healthy eating makes the body and soul beautiful,”

- thus our ancestors said, attaching special importance to food culture and considering it a source of longevity. Today, adhering to national traditions, special attention in the policy pursued by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, aimed at protecting the health of the nation, is paid to proper eating behaviour as a component of a healthy lifestyle. The National Healthy Nutrition Programme of Turkmenistan sets the achievement of these objectives forth for 2020–2025. It aims to introduce the healthy eating standards in society and develop the guidelines for the prevention of nutrient-related diseases caused by malnutrition, which are risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases. The important components of the National Programme include food quality and safety control.

The use of two-pha­se nut­rient me­dium for strep­tococcus pneu­mo­niae iso­la­tion

Isolation and preservation for an indefinitely long term of microorganisms unstable in the external environment and demanding on nutrient media in bacteriological laboratories are associated with certain difficulties [3, 6, 7]. A representative of the Streptococcus genus S.pneumoniae also belongs to such microorganisms, the isolation of which is hampered not only by the mentioned difficulties, but also by S.pneumoniae's ability to autolysis [3, 6, 7]. Along with reliability of bacteriological diagnostic methods, cost-effectiveness is also important, availability of these methods, in accordance with this, population should be provided with high-quality and affordable health care services. Based on the foregoing, the preparation and use of biphasic nutrient media under laboratory conditions for cultivation and identification of S. pneumoniae is one of the urgent and priority issues of practical bacteriology.

Chro­nic background thy­roid pat­ho­lo­gy as a factor of ma­lig­ni­za­tion of ade­no­mas of thy­roid gland

Over the past decades, an almost twofold increase in the frequency of thyroid cancer has been reported [13]. Analyzing the pathological processes against which thyroid cancer was detected, the researchers note that only in 22,8% of cases this background was absent, and in the remaining 77,1%, the background for development of thyroid cancer were adenomas, chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AIT) and nodular goiter (NG) [7, 9]. It remains unclear which particular processes can play a decisive role in their malignancy in this case, since previous works had morphologically descriptive character. Of them, which implied a quantitative assessment of the criteria of benign and malignancy, did not include changes in the stroma of the adenomas and gland tissue around them [8]. The aim of the work is to characterize the pathomorphological changes in thyroid gland with autoimmune thyroiditis and nodular goiter from a histomorphometric point of view and evaluate their role in the process of malignization of adenomas.

The ro­le of fa­mi­ly doctors in the fight against breast cancer

Family doctors conduct public health education aimed at the prevention and treatment of diseases, which is very important in relation to the prevention, early detection and treatment of malignant tumors and precancerous diseases, including breast cancer (BC) [2, 6, 12, 15]. The study of the work carried out by family doctors against malignant tumors, including against breast cancer, is an urgent, significant task of modern oncology, and for this, guidelines should be developed to improve this work.

The role of health schools in prevention of coronary heart disease

The importance of CHD problem lies in the prevalence, prolonged and severe clinical course, as well as in the high frequency of mortality and disability [5]. The study of the quality of life of patients with coronary heart disease does not lose its relevance. At present, it can be considered proven that lifestyle change and the fight against risk factors before the onset of clinical signs of a disease and after helps to slow the development of CHD.

Cli­nicofunctio­nal in­dicators of chro­nic catarr­hal gin­givitis in child­ren

Mixed saliva in children is an important biotope of oral cavity, with its help, the connection is preserved with other parts of microbiocenosis and various regulatory mechanisms are implemented by the macroorganism [1-3, 5, 9, 13]. In periodontal inflammation, the biochemical, cytological, microbiological, crystallographic composition and amount of emitted biological fluid is disturbed [6, 7, 14].