NEWS

Turkmenistan develops the health resort and recreation systems

The development of the health resort and recreation systems of our country is one of the main guidelines of the Saglyk State Programme. Turkmenistan adopted the National Programme on the Health Resort System Development for 2021–2025 to demonstrate the great concern for the improvement of this system at the state level. The conditions created for people in the health resorts Archman, Yyly suv, Bagabat (Ahal Velayat), Mollagara, Avaza (Balkan Velayat), Dashoguz (Dashoguz Velayat), Bayramaly (Mary Velayat), Farap (Lebap Velayat), Berzengi (Ashgabat) indicate the continuation of the impressive work on protecting and strengthening the people's health, extending the life expectance, and achieving a happy and healthy life. As is known, these health resorts provide excellent conditions to strengthen and restore health, to have a good rest, to spend time usefully, to do sports, and to follow the principles of a healthy lifestyle. The Avaza National Tourist Zone, created on the Turkmen shore of the Caspian Sea, is a pearl of global tourism and a centre of the health resort system at the same time. According to the Decree of the President of Turkmenistan, the summer holiday season in the Avaza National Tourist Zone lasts from May 15 to September 1 this year. To date, our compatriots recreate and strengthen their health in Avaza thanks to that document. Different contests and sports eve

Avaza – a modern resort on the seashore

The sun, sea, clear water and golden sandy beaches, fresh sea air, as well as modern methods of restoring health and preventing diseases, are offered to their patients by the Avaza sanatorium, located in the National Tourism Zone of the same name. Commissioned in July 2018 and designed for 200 guests, the Sanatorium welcomes tourists all year round. However, unlike other health resorts in the country, for those who travel to Avaza, vaccination against coronavirus infection is a prerequisite. In addition, in accordance with the temporary order of rest in the resorts of the country, it is necessary to contact a family doctor, to obtain a sanatorium voucher and to pass a test for COVID-19 not earlier than 72 hours before the trip. Going through all the procedures and receiving a migration card required to enter the tourist zone, you can go to the Sanatorium, which is located on the shore of the Caspian Sea in the Avaza etrap of the Balkan velayat.

Tips for the summer

Protect yourself from direct sunlight. Wear breathable light-coloured clothing, preferably made of cotton and linen, cover your head with a headdress or scarf.

Management and organizational methods to combat chronic non-communicable diseases

Chronic non-communicable diseases (CNCDs) are the significant health, demographic and socioeconomic challenge, both globally and at the country level. The most significant and common NCDs include diseases of cardiovascular system (arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure), diabetes mellitus, and chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases. These conditions account for over half of deaths worldwide. It is necessary to analyze the current situation, identify strengths and weaknesses in the models and principles of healthcare organization aimed at combating NCDs.

The short- and long-term efficacies of endovascular interventions

Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the main cause of disability and mortality in the working population. A significant reduction in mortality from coronary heart disease in many countries has been achieved due to the development of a new direction in medicine – interventional cardioangiology [4, 8]. The aim of the work is to study the clinical and functional effectiveness of stenting in patients with coronary heart disease in the short- and long-term after endovascular intervention.

Prevention of complications after surgical treatment of cardioesophageal cancer

Malignant neoplasms of the cardioesophageal zone occupy 12% of all malignant neoplasms. In the world, this disease ranks 3rd after breast and lung cancer. In Turkmenistan and its regions, a decrease in the incidence of cardioesophageal cancer (CEC) has been observed in recent years: over the past 10 years, there has been a decrease by 1,2 times. But, despite this, at present, the diagnosis and treatment of CEC is one of the important problems of practical oncology. The aim of the work is to analyse a surgical treatment of CEC and develop measures to prevent complications that occur in postoperative period.

Comparative analysis of variability of daily profile of arterial pressure depending on the type of left ventricle geometry in pregnant women with arterial hypertension

Hypertensive complications (preeclampsia and eclampsia) are the most severe complications of pregnancy, accompanied by high rates of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. The frequency of arterial hypertension (AH) among pregnant women is, according to the literature, an average of 4-8%, 30% is chronic, i.e. arterial hypertension that existed before pregnancy, and 70% – gestational hypertension [1, 4]. The aim of the work is to develop and implement in healthcare practice a set of measures for prediction, early diagnosis of preeclampsia against the background of arterial hypertension, which will improve the outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth in this contingent of women.

Neuroprotective treatment after acute disorders of cerebral circulation

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cerebrovascular disease is the most common disease in developed countries in the world, which is characterized by an increase in their number in the composition of cardiovascular diseases among people of working age, which depends on the increase in neuropsychic stress. In recent years, the number of strokes among young people and children has increased [12, 14, 15]. Every year, about 14 million people worldwide suffer from an acute stroke, of which about 6 million are fatal. Ischemic stroke accounts for 70-85% of acute cerebral circulatory disorders [1]. Protection of nervous system in the first 4-48 hours after a stroke is especially important. Timely and correctly provided assistance has a positive effect on the outcome of recovery.

Bioorganic composition of stevia leaves

At present, much attention is paid to the study of medicinal plants that can be used in diabetes mellitus, obesity, diseases of gastrointestinal tract [1]. Stevia is a natural, low-calorie sweetener and can be used as a sugar substitute (Fig. 1-3).

The season of holidays, vacations and hot weather

Summer time is a traditional season of holidays and vacations and at the same time steadily hot weather, when you need to be more attentive to your health. Here are some tips that experts from the Information Centre of the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry gave to readers of the Neutral Turkmenistan newspaper. Following the recommendations and observing certain rules of behaviour will help avoid the negative effects of heat on the human body, maintain good health, vitality and physical efficiency.