The Year 2020 — a Significant Milestone in the History of the Country

Time runs fast. So the year 2020 is over. It was the 29th year since the declaration of our independence and the 25th one since the acquisition of the status of permanent neutrality. Though not years, but accomplishments measure the full-blooded life of Turkmenistan as a sovereign neutral state. Having absorbed many significant events, 2020 will also enter another bright page in the country’s chronicle. By these milestones, our descendants and future historians will judge what we have achieved. And I would like to hope that, following the well-known truth “the future is better seen at a distance”, they will appreciate the great achievements of the Era of Might and Happiness of independent neutral Turkmenistan under the leadership of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. Among these events, a special place is occupied by the publication of the book by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov Turkmenistan – the Home of Neutrality. The work of the national leader is an important contribution to the study of national origins and the historical significance of Turkmen neutrality as a phenomenon in international relations.

New Year’s Presents: Wishing Happiness and Kindness

We are all so accustomed to the celebration of the New Year’s Day that we do not even think about where this tradition came from. But, this is one of the oldest holidays. It was celebrated even in Ancient Egypt, Persia, Babylon, only the beginning fell on different dates – from March to October. However, the world borrowed the custom of giving presents on the New Year’s Day from the ancient Romans, they became pioneers in this area even before our era.

President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov visits the Main New Year tree of the country with children

On December 28, Head of the State Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has visited the Main New Year tree of the country, which is placed at the square in front of Älem Cultural and Entertainment Center, with his granddaughters. The guests were warmly greeted by Ayaz Baba and Garpamyk, the usual characters of New Year celebration. The Älem Cultural and Entertainment Center is traditionally selected as the main place of favorite New Year celebration, which people of Turkmenistan meet with joy in peace and harmony.

The President of Turkmenistan holds session on objectives of public and political organizations

December 16. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has held video conference working session with participation of the Speaker of the Mejlis, some Deputy Chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers and heads of public and political organizations. Speaking of big role of public and political organizations in popularization of home and foreign policy of independent and neutral state, strengthening of democratic standards of society, unity and solidarity of people, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov highlighted that improvement of activity of public and political organizations would be discussed and their utmost objectives would be set at the current session.

Light and Environmentally Friendly Fabric

In accordance with the tasks set by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov for the development of the textile industry of Turkmenistan, the enterprises of the industry, fitted with high-tech equipment, steadily increase the range and volumes of production of high-quality domestic textiles. Light and environmentally friendly fabric, staple, is especially in demand in Turkmenistan. The Altyn Asyr shopping centre in Ashgabat offers a wide range of staples. This fabric of linen texture is light, dense and soft, it does not fade under the influence of sunlight. The word “staple” is translated as “fibre bundle”, since only short textile fibres with a length of not more than 45 mm, which are laid in a special way, are used in its production.

To a new level of parliamentary activity

Parliament is one of the supreme bodies that is the only one to represent the people. Therefore, the adoption of important political decisions and legislative acts largely depends on its effectiveness and task-oriented activities. Moreover, the formation of a body of popular representation is one of the most essential elements of the democratic mechanism of state power. International practice shows that the parliament is a dynamically continuously developing institution. The main goal of the reform initiated by the leader of the nation is to tailor the national Parliament of Turkmenistan to the rapid changes in life of the state and society. Every state takes its own choice of the structure and functioning of the parliament, but this does not exclude the common features that are taken into account in parliamentary practices. The reforms of the Parliament as one of the supreme bodies of state power, initiated by the leader of the nation, are to fulfil the following three fundamental tasks: i) increasing the efficiency of the Parliament as an integral part of the state mechanism and strengthening its positions; ii) promoting democratic governance in the structure and activity management; and iii) strengthening the representative character of the parliament and the forms of its relationship with civil society. It was these tasks that determined the main features, structu

National Parliament: evolution and innovations

On September 25, 2020, a regular meeting of the Halk Maslahaty of Turkmenistan was held. It was a historic event. As a result of the approval of amendments and addenda made to the Constitution of the country, the status of the Halk Maslahaty of Turkmenistan was reformed. In the course of the constitutional development of Turkmenistan, the status of the Halk Maslahaty has evolved several times. From 1992 till 2003, it was characterised as the highest representative body of the people’s power. From 2003 till 2008, the Constitution determined the Halk Maslahaty as a permanently acting supreme representative body of the people’s power, with the powers of the supreme body of state power and administration. In 2008, its powers were redistributed between the President of Turkmenistan and the Mejlis (Parliament) of the country.

Constitutional reform — important stage of the democratisation of society

The Constitution, appearing as a result of fundamental changes in the life of society, becomes the political and legal basis for its development at every historical stage. Each constitutional reform marks a new stage of democratic transformations in society, social and political development. It has been 28 years since the adoption of the Constitution of Turkmenistan. Over the years, much has changed in the life of our society and state. The modern Constitution sets new tasks for the Turkmen society and the state and stimulates social and political activity. The changes taking place in the political system in recent years have inevitably led to the ripening of the issue of amending the Constitution of Turkmenistan, bringing public institutions of power to a new, higher quality level. This is indeed a very important historical moment.

The Main Thing – Attention and Responsibility

Under the leadership of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, who shows the unceasing concern for the people’s welfare and the enhancement of the international authority of the state, in independent neutral Turkmenistan, people are proclaimed the supreme value of society at the constitutional level. Reforms allow ensuring the sustainable socioeconomic development of the country and improving dramatically the social and living conditions of the people. The distinct society-orientation of the economic policy of the national leader enables our state to move forward along the path transformations and to improve the standard of living of citizens of Turkmenistan. This is evidenced by an increasing number of citizens who buy vehicles. This, on the one hand, creates convenience for people, and on the other hand, it requires a responsible approach to managing it and puts road safety, road traffic injury prevention and healthcare for citizens in the spotlight.

Person, society, nature

Favourable natural conditions have always served as the natural basis for a healthy and prosperous human life. And the life and health of people are known to be the greatest social value. Taking this into consideration, Article 52 of the Basic Law of the country stipulates that everyone has the right to health protection. And according to Article 53 everyone has the right to an environment conducive to life and health. The state controls the rational use of natural resources in order to protect and ensure healthy living conditions for the population, protection and preservation of the environment. At the same time, the Constitution of Turkmenistan enshrines broad personal rights of citizens in relation to nature management. At the same time, the population is also obliged to participate in environment protection activities, in adherence to a healthy lifestyle and in the observation of sanitary norms.