NEWS

The President of Turkmenistan holds the session on development of agricultural complex

On December 7, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has held video conference working session with the officials of agricultural complex with participation of some Deputy Chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers where heads of relative ministry and profile departments have been also invited. Fulfilment of adopted resolutions, conducted works for improvement of the efficiency of agricultural complex, its transit to digital system, provision of the population with various food products have been reviewed at the session.

Use­ful Plants

Recent­ly, our news­pa­per has pub­lis­hed the ar­ticle about the cul­tivars and wild plants of the Turk­men flo­ra, used to rep­lace par­tial­ly the ag­ricul­tu­ral pro­ducts, which as­sist gar­de­ners in com­ba­ting gar­den pests and plant pat­ho­gens or pro­tecting crops along with ag­ricul­tu­ral che­micals. At the request of our rea­ders, the aut­hor will con­ti­nue this the­me and add in­secticides to the list of such plants. …If na­tu­re had a re­me­dy for all pests, then the­re would be no rea­son to crea­te ar­ti­ficial subs­tances. Ho­wever, synt­he­si­sed com­pounds do not al­ways turn out to be a pa­nacea, i.e. a so­lu­tion for all gar­den prob­lems. The wis­dom of the far­mer li­es in the com­bi­na­tion and mo­de­ra­tion of che­micali­sa­tion in ag­ricul­tu­ral pro­ducti­on. Mo­reover, the far­mer has to be care­ful not to over­do it with pes­ticides or nit­ro­gen. So­me­ti­mes na­tu­ral subs­ti­tu­tes are no less ef­fective, but they have less adver­se environ­men­tal im­pact on so­il, farm ani­mals and in­sects-pol­li­na­tors. Ho­wever, it should be kept in mind that the plants owe the­se pro­per­ties to the na­tu­ral­ly occur­ring or­ga­nic com­pounds in them – al­ka­loids, glycosi­des, sa­po­nins, phy­toncides and es­sen­tial oils, which are

President of Turkmenistan holds working meeting, dedicated to jubilee architectural premiers

President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov held a working meeting to consider the status of construction of facilities to be put into operation on occasion of the 25th anniversary of neutrality as well as the draft programme of architectural premiers for 2021, which marked by the 30th anniversary of independence. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov instructed relevant officials to ensure strict control over the readiness of new facilities for commissioning, taking care of their appropriate design.

The Crop to Develop the Foothills

Harvesting of the mid- and late-season apple varieties is in full swing in the orchards in the foothill valleys of the Central Kopetdag Mountains – Ak Bugday, Geoktepe and Kaahka etraps, Ahal velayat, the mountainous area of Nohur that are administratively located on the border of the Ahal and Balkan velayats and in the lands of the northern region of the country – Dashoguz. Tenants in farmers’ associations and farms, private gardeners and members of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs who grow local ancient and foreign apple varieties are engaged in fruit growing. Summer and autumn apples of such cultivars as “Freedom”, “Auksis”, “Zaslavskoye”, “Konfetnoye”, “Inmant”, “Zheleznyak”, “Antey”, “Alesya”, “Aydared”, “Krasnaya Prevochodnaya”, “Rennet Simirenko”, “Goldspur”, “Snezhny Kalvil” and “Bely Rozmarin”, among others, grow in large variety in our latitudes. The mid- and late-season apple varieties are rarely remarkable for the simultaneous ripening; therefore, apples are harvested in two phases. However, they can be stored longer. Villagers, engaged in fruit growing, often turn part of the lands in the foothill zone they hold on lease or use over the long term into orchards to grow fruit and store them up and engraft cuttings. Due to the tireless work of gardeners, the people of Turkmenistan have these na

Let your journey be safe, the “white caravan”!

On September 9, the cotton-harvesting campaign started in Turkmenistan. The important agricultural campaign was launched with the blessing of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov in the Ahal, Balkan, Lebap and Mary velayats. The “white campaign” in the Dashoguz velayat will start on September 16 due to the local soil and climatic conditions. Cotton growing is an important sector of Turkmenistan’s agroindustrial complex that makes a profound contribution to the implementation of the state export promotion and import substitution programmes, developed under the leadership of the head of state Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. Our country has the natural and climatic conditions conducive to growing medium-fibre and fine-fibre cotton varieties.

Winter wheat sowing starts in Turkmenistan

On September 2, mass sowing of winter wheat began in Turkmenistan. With the blessing of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, an important agricultural campaign was launched simultaneously in all velayats of the country. Stressing the importance of carrying out the sowing campaign in an orderly and proper manner, the national leader Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov wished the grain growers and also all agricultural workers good health, happy and prosperous life, rich harvests and successful achievement of their goals.

Greenhouses are preparing for a new tomato season

In greenhouses, farmers reap two tomato harvests each calendar year. The cycle can last from spring to summer and from autumn to winter, as climate control systems do not limit the producers’ choice of growing conditions. Under growing conditions of greenhouses, the first sprouts appear 44-45 days after planting tomato seeds in January-February. In March, farmers start planting in greenhouse containers with nutrient solutions for the entire growing season. Nutrients that can be washed out of the substrate during irrigation are supplied to the plants together with water. Peak crop-bearing season “under glass” falls on the hottest months, which should be regulated by ventilation, and in modern greenhouses it is done by air cooling, which, together with additional methods, can extend the crop-bearing season. The crop-bearing season in an enclosed space lasts 4 months, which is longer than that in a plantation. However, in most cases, greenhouse owners take a time-out when it is unprofitable to compete with massive supplies of open ground tomatoes. During this period, greenhouses are disinfected and cleaned to remove old plants, installation works are conducted and nutrient solutions are renewed. There is enough time to check supply systems, conduct preventive maintenance and adjust equipment. Vegetable growers resume work after the peak of the heat. They sow seeds in early A

Taking care of mung bean plantations

Mung beans are an intermediate crop in the legume family. It is grown mainly in the northern regions of the country that have the age-old traditions of cultivating mash beans and favourable climate conditions. The large mung bean producers in the Dashoguz velayat are Saparmurat Turkmenbashi and Gurbansoltan eje etraps, where the areas of 700 hectares and 350 hectares are allocated for the crop respectively. Currently, farmers are engaged in taking care of mung bean plantations; they are completing agrotechnical activities and preparing to harvest the crop in September. The organic crop improves soil structure and organic matter and can grow in the regions with a minimum moisture supply, which is important for arid farming, and can absorb atmospheric nitrogen and convert it into organic and mineral substances. All legumes have such soil benefits; their production contributes to improving soil, enhancing soil fertility and increasing yields of succeeding crops. Mung beans have beneficial effects not only on soil, but also on human health. Its beans contain calcium and magnesium, phosphorus and potassium, sodium and selenium, iron and copper, B vitamins and fibre. The average crop yield is one tonne a hectare. Thus, farmers expect to reap the rich harvest from a 12,000-hectare area, which will enhance the food security of the country and allow exploring export opportunities. The

Digitalisation — a key factor for growth in the agricultural sector

In the modern world, the level of digital technology development plays a decisive role in the competitiveness of countries. The transition to a digital economy is seen as a key driver of economic growth. The emergence of a large number of smart devices allows solving many problems remotely and with maximum efficiency, which directly affects the productivity of industries. The agricultural sector, as one of the basic sectors of many national economies, faces many difficulties and challenges, largely dependent on the whims of nature. Moreover, their impact on global food security will grow. Global climate change, intensity, seasonality and amount of precipitation will become increasingly unpredictable, which will significantly reduce the ability of the agricultural sector to adapt to such changes.

Plants against Pests

For the health of the soil and plants, improvement of the ecological quality of the products and the enhancement of the role of bioorganic methods in agriculture, amateur gardeners seek to use natural methods in the fight against insect pests and plant diseases and apply so-called home chemistry. Water infusions and decoctions of some cultivated and wild plants, including onions and red peppers, limit the activity or completely eliminate harmful insects, especially in their germinal state. Such plants are called insecticidal, and their properties are caused by the presence of alkaloids, essential oils and other toxic compounds in them. It is advisable to use preparations from such plants in the absence of factory-made pesticides or if it is possible to do without chemicals, which ultimately is beneficial for the environment and agricultural production. The cultural flora of Turkmenistan is rich in such species that help fight against agricultural pests, animal parasites and rodents. In the Same Seedbed