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Winter wheat sowing campaign starts in Turkmenistan

On September 3, the mass sowing of winter wheat began in Turkmenistan. With the blessing of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, an important agricultural campaign was launched simultaneously in all velayats of the country. As the head of state noted at the sitting of the Cabinet of Ministers held via the digital system on August 27, good results are being achieved in all sectors of the economy, including agriculture, in the Era of Might and Happiness. The state creates all the necessary conditions for the fruitful work of farmers and the cultivation of rich crops by them.

Safe way, caravan of “white gold”!

On September 8, a mass cotton-harvesting campaign began in Turkmenistan. With the blessing of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, an important agricultural campaign was launched in the Ahal, Balkan, Lebap and Mary velayats. Taking into account the soil and climatic conditions, the “white” harvesting in the Dashoguz velayat will start on September 15. This year, marked by the 30th anniversary of the independence of the Motherland, a good harvest of “white gold” has been grown in the country. And now the main task of the rural workers is to pick it from the fields in a short time and without losses.

Forest Belts Protect Crops

Forest plantations around settlements and cultivated lands are of great sanitary and hygienic importance, which is especially significant for newly irrigated lands in Turkmenistan. The greatest land-reclamation efficiency in this respect belongs to field-protective forest belts around irrigated fields, which have a beneficial effect on the course of crop growing. At the same time, a kind of forestry landscape is being created, as, for example, on the old-irrigated and newly developed lands of the Vas, Shasenem and Hanhovuz massifs and the Kopetdag and Koytendag plains. The network of field-protective forest belts is of great ecological importance for improving the culture of irrigated agriculture and for forming a certain microclimate in the surface layer of the areas adjacent to the fields. Agricultural scientists monitor the moisture regime and seasonal air temperature amplitudes in the fields, including the development and productivity of various crops, primarily wheat and cotton. In the course of the research, it was revealed that, in comparison with the fields protected with the help of forest plantations, the air humidity in open arable land is much lower, which is significant in a sharp continental climate characterised by fluctuations in temperature, an uneven amount of atmospheric precipitation and also strong winds.

A rich harvest is the property of the people

In the modern history of the Turkmen state, under the wise, far-sighted and progressive leadership of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, grandiose reforms, aimed first of all at improving the wellbeing of the Turkmen people and their quality of life by creating abundance of food, are being carried out. And here the most important indicators are the achievements of the farmers, who make every effort and work hard to ensure abundance on the table of every Turkmen citizen. Active and targeted government support and progressive reforms directed at the widespread digitalisation of the agroindustrial complex act as a powerful impetus for the development of agriculture in the country. In this context, the natural and climatic conditions of our country are taken into account, which allows year after year to gather rich harvests of vegetables and fruit, berries and grain crops. Particular attention is paid to the rational use of water and land resources, as food abundance is a symbol of a successful and prosperous economy. Wheat production today makes it possible to fully meet the domestic needs of the country in grain.

Wheat and quality

In the prosperous epoch of a powerful state, under the tireless efforts of the distinguished President, significant work is being carried out to develop the agricultural sector of our country. As a result of the tireless and pure work of the brave farmers, a plentiful crop of dense wheat is grown every year, that is the abundance of our table and the source of life. In the year «Turkmenistan — Homeland of peace and trust», brave farmers from all velayats of our Land came ready for the harvest. Thanks to the great initiatives of the wise Arkadag, in the prosperous epoch of a powerful state, giving a plot to the true owners, the positive solution of problems with water and fertilizers, the provision of high-quality grain to farmers, the purchase of foreign equipment that meets land and air conditions, created ample opportunities for a high wheat harvest. Specialists of the Central Laboratory of the State Service «Turkmenstandartlary» Akhal velayat and the city of Ashgabat contributed to ensuring uninterrupted wheat harvesting.

The President of Turkmenistan holds working session on seasonal agricultural works

In the morning, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov held video conference working session with participation of Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, who is in charge of agricultural complex, governor of Mary Region and districts of this region. The agenda included the completion of seasonal agricultural works, in particular, the grain harvest. First, the head of the state gave floor to Vice-premier E. Orazgeldiyev who reported on the harvesting and practical measures undertaken for organized collection of produced yield in designated period without any loss.

The President of Turkmenistan holds session on seasonal agricultural works

President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has held video conference session with participation of the Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, who is in charge of agricultural complex, heads of Balkan Region and districts of the western region. The agenda included seasonal agricultural works, in particular the wheat harvesting. Opening the session, the head of the state has given floor to Vice-premier E. Orazgeldiyev who reported on the rates of the harvest and practical measures undertaken for organized harvesting of without any loss in designated period.

Greenhouses Being Built

In March, a number of greenhouses, one of which belongs to the Altyn Gala Gurluşyk Individual Enterprise, located in Gerogly etrap, Dashoguz velayat, opened. The Turkmen leader attended the opening ceremonies. The new agricultural facility occupies 5 hectares of a 30-hectare area, which the enterprise received under lease from the state. The entire area is occupied by plantations of tomatoes of different varieties, and all the operations are computer aided, requiring eventual actions of an operator. Computer technology maintains climatic conditions, and 33 people, who have received jobs there, perform mechanical operations. In total, 75 large greenhouses that belong to the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs of Turkmenistan operate throughout the country. These are 404 hectares “working” at full capacity to grow vegetables and greens all year round for the dastarhan of the Turkmen people. Another 193 similar facilities are at different stages of construction. Greenhouse farmers mainly grow tomatoes, cucumbers and sweet peppers. Computer-aided hothouses and greenhouses are becoming increasingly popular. During the recent opening ceremony, a brand new automatic greenhouse control technology was presented to the Turkmen leader. The representatives of the Ýigit Business Society from the Kaahka etrap, Ahal velayat, vividly presented the advantages of this technology. The Presi

The President of Turkmenistan held a working meeting by means of digital videoconferencing

On June 2, Esteemed President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov chaired a working meeting by means of digital videoconferencing with the participation of the Cabinet Deputy Chairman supervising the agricultural sector and velayat khyakims. The priority targets of socio-economic development of regions, the results of works carried out in five months of this year, as well as the current state of affairs on agricultural land plots and other issues were discussed.

To Promote the Development of Agricultural Production

A meeting of the working group of the participants of the regional project of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), which is being implemented in Turkmenistan with the coordination of the Ministry of Agriculture and Environment Protection, has been held recently on the basis of the National Institute of Deserts, Flora and Fauna. In order to discuss the positions held and to present the planned events for the current year, the meeting was attended by senior officials of structural divisions of the agro-ecological ministry, including the Committee for Hydrometeorology of Turkmenistan, and also specialists from the Mejlis of Turkmenistan and the State Committee for Water Resources. The project is called “Integrated Natural Resources Management in Drought-Prone and Salt-Affected Agricultural Production Systems in Central Asia and Turkey” (CACILM-2). Its goal is to restore the fertility of agricultural lands and to increase the productivity of natural pastures in different agro-ecological regions of the country – mountains, desert and river oasis. It is planned to introduce advanced methods of desalinisation of irrigated soils, increase in their harvests and return of degraded pastures of the Karakum Desert to circulation by sowing seeds of high-yield psammophytes – white and black saxaul, Calligonum, Salsola richteri, Astragalus and other woody plants.

The President of Turkmenistan holds session on development of agricultural complex

On February 3, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has held video conference meeting on development of agricultural complex with participation of some Deputy Chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers, heads of relative ministry and profile departments as well as directors of profile universities. Opening the session, during which the outcomes of work of agricultural complex in the last year have been reviewed, the head of the state highlighted that agricultural complex is one of the main branches of national economy. The government invests big resources to the agriculture and despite this fact, there are many deficiencies and unused capabilities in agrarian sector, the President of the country highlighted.

The President of Turkmenistan holds working video conference session

On February 1, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has held working video conference session with participation of the Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, who is in charge of agricultural complex, and governors of the regions of the country. Issues of social and economic development of the regions, preparation to coming sowing campaign, seasonal agricultural works have been reviewed and reports of the heads of regional administrations about work carried out for the past week have been presented at the session.

The President of Turkmenistan holds the session on development of agricultural complex

On December 7, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov has held video conference working session with the officials of agricultural complex with participation of some Deputy Chairmen of the Cabinet of Ministers where heads of relative ministry and profile departments have been also invited. Fulfilment of adopted resolutions, conducted works for improvement of the efficiency of agricultural complex, its transit to digital system, provision of the population with various food products have been reviewed at the session.

Use­ful Plants

Recent­ly, our news­pa­per has pub­lis­hed the ar­ticle about the cul­tivars and wild plants of the Turk­men flo­ra, used to rep­lace par­tial­ly the ag­ricul­tu­ral pro­ducts, which as­sist gar­de­ners in com­ba­ting gar­den pests and plant pat­ho­gens or pro­tecting crops along with ag­ricul­tu­ral che­micals. At the request of our rea­ders, the aut­hor will con­ti­nue this the­me and add in­secticides to the list of such plants. …If na­tu­re had a re­me­dy for all pests, then the­re would be no rea­son to crea­te ar­ti­ficial subs­tances. Ho­wever, synt­he­si­sed com­pounds do not al­ways turn out to be a pa­nacea, i.e. a so­lu­tion for all gar­den prob­lems. The wis­dom of the far­mer li­es in the com­bi­na­tion and mo­de­ra­tion of che­micali­sa­tion in ag­ricul­tu­ral pro­ducti­on. Mo­reover, the far­mer has to be care­ful not to over­do it with pes­ticides or nit­ro­gen. So­me­ti­mes na­tu­ral subs­ti­tu­tes are no less ef­fective, but they have less adver­se environ­men­tal im­pact on so­il, farm ani­mals and in­sects-pol­li­na­tors. Ho­wever, it should be kept in mind that the plants owe the­se pro­per­ties to the na­tu­ral­ly occur­ring or­ga­nic com­pounds in them – al­ka­loids, glycosi­des, sa­po­nins, phy­toncides and es­sen­tial oils, which are not to “pests’ tas­te”. The­re­fo­re, when pre­pa­ring decoctions and in­fu­sions from the­se plants, the far­mer must ob

President of Turkmenistan holds working meeting, dedicated to jubilee architectural premiers

President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov held a working meeting to consider the status of construction of facilities to be put into operation on occasion of the 25th anniversary of neutrality as well as the draft programme of architectural premiers for 2021, which marked by the 30th anniversary of independence. President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov instructed relevant officials to ensure strict control over the readiness of new facilities for commissioning, taking care of their appropriate design.

The Crop to Develop the Foothills

Harvesting of the mid- and late-season apple varieties is in full swing in the orchards in the foothill valleys of the Central Kopetdag Mountains – Ak Bugday, Geoktepe and Kaahka etraps, Ahal velayat, the mountainous area of Nohur that are administratively located on the border of the Ahal and Balkan velayats and in the lands of the northern region of the country – Dashoguz. Tenants in farmers’ associations and farms, private gardeners and members of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs who grow local ancient and foreign apple varieties are engaged in fruit growing. Summer and autumn apples of such cultivars as “Freedom”, “Auksis”, “Zaslavskoye”, “Konfetnoye”, “Inmant”, “Zheleznyak”, “Antey”, “Alesya”, “Aydared”, “Krasnaya Prevochodnaya”, “Rennet Simirenko”, “Goldspur”, “Snezhny Kalvil” and “Bely Rozmarin”, among others, grow in large variety in our latitudes. The mid- and late-season apple varieties are rarely remarkable for the simultaneous ripening; therefore, apples are harvested in two phases. However, they can be stored longer. Villagers, engaged in fruit growing, often turn part of the lands in the foothill zone they hold on lease or use over the long term into orchards to grow fruit and store them up and engraft cuttings. Due to the tireless work of gardeners, the people of Turkmenistan have these natural vitamin products on their menu all year round. “These va

Let your journey be safe, the “white caravan”!

On September 9, the cotton-harvesting campaign started in Turkmenistan. The important agricultural campaign was launched with the blessing of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov in the Ahal, Balkan, Lebap and Mary velayats. The “white campaign” in the Dashoguz velayat will start on September 16 due to the local soil and climatic conditions. Cotton growing is an important sector of Turkmenistan’s agroindustrial complex that makes a profound contribution to the implementation of the state export promotion and import substitution programmes, developed under the leadership of the head of state Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. Our country has the natural and climatic conditions conducive to growing medium-fibre and fine-fibre cotton varieties.

Winter wheat sowing starts in Turkmenistan

On September 2, mass sowing of winter wheat began in Turkmenistan. With the blessing of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, an important agricultural campaign was launched simultaneously in all velayats of the country. Stressing the importance of carrying out the sowing campaign in an orderly and proper manner, the national leader Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov wished the grain growers and also all agricultural workers good health, happy and prosperous life, rich harvests and successful achievement of their goals.

Greenhouses are preparing for a new tomato season

In greenhouses, farmers reap two tomato harvests each calendar year. The cycle can last from spring to summer and from autumn to winter, as climate control systems do not limit the producers’ choice of growing conditions. Under growing conditions of greenhouses, the first sprouts appear 44-45 days after planting tomato seeds in January-February. In March, farmers start planting in greenhouse containers with nutrient solutions for the entire growing season. Nutrients that can be washed out of the substrate during irrigation are supplied to the plants together with water. Peak crop-bearing season “under glass” falls on the hottest months, which should be regulated by ventilation, and in modern greenhouses it is done by air cooling, which, together with additional methods, can extend the crop-bearing season. The crop-bearing season in an enclosed space lasts 4 months, which is longer than that in a plantation. However, in most cases, greenhouse owners take a time-out when it is unprofitable to compete with massive supplies of open ground tomatoes. During this period, greenhouses are disinfected and cleaned to remove old plants, installation works are conducted and nutrient solutions are renewed. There is enough time to check supply systems, conduct preventive maintenance and adjust equipment. Vegetable growers resume work after the peak of the heat. They sow seeds in early August,

Taking care of mung bean plantations

Mung beans are an intermediate crop in the legume family. It is grown mainly in the northern regions of the country that have the age-old traditions of cultivating mash beans and favourable climate conditions. The large mung bean producers in the Dashoguz velayat are Saparmurat Turkmenbashi and Gurbansoltan eje etraps, where the areas of 700 hectares and 350 hectares are allocated for the crop respectively. Currently, farmers are engaged in taking care of mung bean plantations; they are completing agrotechnical activities and preparing to harvest the crop in September. The organic crop improves soil structure and organic matter and can grow in the regions with a minimum moisture supply, which is important for arid farming, and can absorb atmospheric nitrogen and convert it into organic and mineral substances. All legumes have such soil benefits; their production contributes to improving soil, enhancing soil fertility and increasing yields of succeeding crops. Mung beans have beneficial effects not only on soil, but also on human health. Its beans contain calcium and magnesium, phosphorus and potassium, sodium and selenium, iron and copper, B vitamins and fibre. The average crop yield is one tonne a hectare. Thus, farmers expect to reap the rich harvest from a 12,000-hectare area, which will enhance the food security of the country and allow exploring export opportunities. The