In the 21st century, the world is becoming increasingly urbanised. Since 2007, 3.5 billion people live in cities, and this figure is projected to reach 5 billion by 2030. This means that up to 60 per cent of the world’s population will live in cities. And by 2050, more than two-thirds of the world’s population will live in cities. Being centres of economic growth, providing about 60% of global GDP, cities already account for about 70% of global carbon emissions and more than 60% of resource use. That is why Sustainable Development Goal 11 – “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable” – is so important and relevant.
Achieving Goal 11 sets specific goals for Governments: to ensure universal access to safe and affordable housing, safe, affordable and environmentally sustainable transport and safe and inclusive green spaces and the creation of comfortable and attractive environments in cities for life and work.