Magtymguly Pyragy and Eco-criticism

31 May 2022

Eco-criticism one of the popular trends in modern literature means the interaction of literature and nature. This theme has always been one of the important trends in the world and Turkmen literature.
Each page of the book «Turkmenistan is the Heart of the Great Silk Road» by our Hero Arkadag Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov expresses love of the Turkmen people for the nature of their native land. Speaking about narrators, who told interesting stories, fairy-tales, legends in Turkmen villages the author writes: «But no matter where the narrator tried to take his listeners to, to wonderful Egypt, remote China, hot Hindustan, to the Ceylon Mountains — in spite of everything his imagination was fed with his native Garagum Desert, the impetuous Amyderya River, mountain peaks, twisting gorges, caves, and springs of the Kopetdag Mountains, and cool ridges of the Koytendag Mountains». (Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. Turkmenistan — the Heart of the Great Silk Road. Ashgabat, 2017, p.32)

Ancient religious books such as the Bible, Quran tell that at first the God created the Space, the Earth, the Sky, the plants, the animals, birds and then he created the Man. This idea is repeated in the works of Attar, Nevai, Magtymguly and other eastern poets. In the ancient poem «The Epic about Gilgamesh» created in the Akkad language by the peoples of Ancient East in the 18th — 17th centuries B.C. there is a story about the king Ut-napishtim (Ziusudra) who by making a great ship saved not only the people during the World Flood but he took animals and birds in pairs, as in the stories told in holy books, the Bible and Quran.

Romanguly MUSTAKOV,
Magtymguly Turkmen State University, Head of the foreign literature department, candidate of philological sciences, associate professor.