"Täze oba" žurnaly

Founder: Ministry of Agriculture and Environment of Turkmenistan
Adress: Ashgabat, Archabil av. 92
Telephones: 44-74-72

Articles

Vitamin D for Your Health

Recently, the Resolution of the President of Turkmenistan approved the Strategy for prevention of vitamin D deficiency for 2023–2028 and the Action Plan for the its implementation. Our newspaper has told about the importance of vitamin D for health, which is difficult to overestimate, and the ways of “replenishing” it. The main function of vitamin D is to help the body absorb calcium and phosphorus from food through the walls of the small intestine. Now, it is grouped together with hormone-like substances, although initially, discovered by an American scientist Elmer McCollum in 1922, it was considered only as a vitamin. Despite the name (vitamins are organic compounds that cannot be synthesised by the organism and therefore must be derived from the food we eat), vitamin D is not actually a vitamin. It belongs to a group of biologically active substances, including cholecalciferol (vitamin D3) and ergocalciferol (vitamin D2).

Healthy means vigorous

«7/24. tm», № 46 (129), 13.11.2022 Late autumn brings, as a rule, dampness, slush, vagaries of the weather and, of course, colds and acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI). Health professionals believe that simple preventive measures will help reduce the risk of disease and strengthen the body’s defensive mechanisms.

A prerequisite for health

Health enables people to feel joy, happiness, pleasure, and bliss of life. Thus, we should value health first to live a good and prosperous life. The most effective way to strengthen health is to do sports, to work hard, and to take a walk in the fresh air. Scientists believe that active people tend to have the better blood circulation and the lower body fat percentage. Physical and mental health is the main wealth and treasure of people. As is known, if health is strong, it is not difficult to obtain other resources.

A valuable guide

Large events were held on the Day of Health Workers and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan. The Volume XIV of the encyclopaedic work ‘Medicinal Plants of Turkmenistan’ by our Hero-Arkadag Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov became a wonderful gift to the Turkmen people. The encyclopaedic work ‘Medicinal Plants of Turkmenistan’ by our Hero-Arkadag, Academician of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan, Doctor of Medicine and Professor Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov is aimed at protecting and strengthening the human health. In the Volume XIV of this work, the properties of a number of medicinal plants are analysed and explained on a scientific basis. The pictures, scientific information about medicinal plants, biological properties, distribution areas, natural reserves, medicinal substances, and chemical composition of them are provided in the form of graphics to increase the importance of this scientific work. The books by our Hero Arkadag are used as study guides at Turkmen Agricultural University named after S.A.Niyazov.

Rules for the Prevention of ARVI

– Everyone must strictly observe the rules of personal and public hygiene. – Take walks outdoors.

Description of medicines of our country

Our ancestors, who  said  «Healthy pear will not fall off its stem»,  knew  first of all the  necessity of health for continuation of life. For that reason they managed to prevent diseases and disorders which occurred through various methods. Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the country as Lukman Hekim (Doctor of Medicine), who devoted most of his life to making medicine against various diseases, also left us some valuable information related to the protection of human health in his treatises. Looking at it from a modern point of view, the multi-volume scientific and encyclopedic book «Medicinal plants of Turkmenistan» which provides indispensable information about the thousands of types of medicinal plants growing in our country, their health benefits, is enough to strengthen human body, to prevent diseases and to prolong life.

Epidemiological structure of acute respiratory infections in Turkmenistan

Peculiarities of the epidemic spread of influenza viruses are determined by ability to rapidly mutate and the highest variability of Alphainfluenzavirus and significant – Betainfluenzavirus. Each new shift and drift variant of Alphainfluenzavirus or Betainfluenzavirus is able to overcome the immunity acquired by humans to previously circulating variants of the same virus [1]. This is the reason for the global spread of influenza. The aim of the work is to study the epidemiological structure of acute respiratory infections in Turkmenistan.

Nutrition assessment in primary schoolchildren

Recently there has been a sharp increase in the prevalence of childhood obesity and overweight worldwide. The WHO calls overweight in children one of the most serious health problems in the 21st century [5, 6]. It has already been proven that a child who is overweight or obese will have these problems in adulthood [4]. Considering the importance of this issue for public health, the WHO Regional Office for Europe established the European Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative (COSI) in 2007. Turkmenistan, along with more than 40 countries, has joined the fourth round of data studies that allow studying trends in overweight and obesity among children of primary school age over a period of 10 years.

Influence of stereotypes of eating behavior on the risk of cardiovascular diseases

Detection of eating disorders and ways to correct them are of great importance in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Currently, a diet therapy is considered an important component of CVD therapy [4, 6]. The aim of the work is to study the nutritional characteristics of patients with arterial hypertension and detect their relationship with risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

Minimally invasive derotational osteotomy of the lower third of shin bone in children

Torsion deformities of the lower extremities are twisting of the distal parts of the femur and lower leg bones along their axis in relation to the proximal parts. Deformities (twisting) of bones of the lower leg in children are clinically manifested in gait with an internal rotational or external rotational component [2]. A deviation of more than 20 degrees indicates pathological torsion, which usually does not tend to improve and requires surgical correction [1, 6]. Derotational osteotomy is used to eliminate torsion deformities of shin bones [1, 5, 6].

The role of preventive examinations in the early detection of cervical cancer

From the standpoint of the active detection of precancerous diseases (dysplasia) and early cervical cancer, organizational issues, conducting mass gynecological examinations, one of which is the rational organization of the cytological service, designed to ensure maximum efficiency of examinations by conducting cytological studies in each examined woman, are of paramount importance [6, 7] . The aim of the work is to evaluate the results of preventive examinations in Turkmenistan for the purpose of early detection of cervical cancer.

Cognitive disorders in posttraumatic encephalopathy

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is regarded as one of the most important problems in clinical neurology. The consequences of a previous brain injury are both a medical and a social problem [2, 4]. The aim of the study is to establish the clinical features of cognitive impairment in post-traumatic encephalopathy of varying severity.

Turkmenistan celebrates the day of workers of healthcare and the medical industry

The Exhibition Centre of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry hosted the opening of an International Exhibition entitled “Healthcare, Education and Sports in the Period of the Revival of the New Era of the Powerful State” and, within its framework, a scientific conference timed to coincide with the Day of Workers of Healthcare and the Medical Industry, widely celebrated in our country. Over the years, this annual forum has gained a reputation as one of the largest and most prestigious, contributing to the demonstration and implementation of modern achievements in medical science and practical health care. With great enthusiasm, the participants listened to the Address of President Serdar Berdimuhamedov, sent to the participants of the Forum. As it was emphasised in the Address of the head of state, concern for the health of the people and ensuring of their peaceful and happy life formed the basis of our activities. The protection of human health – the highest value of society and the state – is one of the priorities of the state policy, which implies the solution of a wide range of tasks, such as the prevention and treatment of diseases, the increase in the social security of the population, the establishment of the principles of a healthy lifestyle and the guaranteeing of the healthy development of citizens of all age categories, especially young people.

Protection from Ailments – Hygiene and Good Mood

Each of us wants to stay healthy and to protect ourselves from diseases, especially during the spread of seasonal acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI). And here an important role is played by a healthy lifestyle and preventive measures, particularly the observance of the rules of personal hygiene. As a reminder, keep your hands clean, wash them often with soap or use a disinfectant. Avoid touching your mouth, nose or eyes with unwashed hands.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle

«7/24. tm», № 41 (124), 10.10. 2022 The weather of the first days of October with a sharp decrease in air temperature reminded us that autumn is on the calendar. Though the sun continues to warm us with its gentle rays, our body responds to the change of seasons. Our immune system is becoming weak and needs to be boosted.

Strong immune system is the basis of health

Strong immune system is a reliable protection of the body against various diseases. The immune response to viral and bacterial infections helps fight diseases and protect health. Nutrition is the basis of a healthy lifestyle and predetermines the level of the quality of life. This does not mean at all that for this it is necessary to use hard-to-reach or very expensive products. Do not chase exotic fruit, rare spices or outlandish berries.

Autumn Is the Time to Take Care of Your Health

In autumn, along with the onset of cold weather, rains, humidity and short daylight hours, in most cases, human immunity decreases. Therefore, the body becomes vulnerable to acute respiratory viral infections (ARVI). Autumn is the time to take care of your health and that of your loved ones. Of course, first of all, it is necessary to strengthen the protective functions of the body. Restoring and strengthening the body’s defences are quite simple if the whole family follows the simplest hygiene rules and maintains a healthy microclimate in the flat. The thorough washing of hands and the rinsing of the nose after going outdoors, the regular ventilation of the flat and the maintenance of normal humidity in it can bring very good results.

We say sport, we mean health

«7/24. tm», № 38 (121), 19.09. 2022 A reliable assistant in improving your health and boosting your immune system is sport that is a source of good mood as well.

Doctor’s advice

«7/24. tm», № 37 (120), 12.09. 2022 Acute respiratory viral infections can be prevented by improving the health, healing the body and boosting the immune system through hardening, sports and physical activity in the fresh air, swimming and eating nutrient rich foods.

Change of seasons: attention to health!

Lead a healthy lifestyle. Observe the regime of the day – the alternation of sleep and wakefulness, nutrition and walks. Proper nutrition: Eat more foods containing vitamins A, B and C.