Türkmeniň nusgalyk alabaýy

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Articles

The effect of ecological crisis of the Aral sea on the health state of the population

Ecological crisis of the Aral Sea affects 60 million population of Central Asia and an area of about 25 million hectares [2, 10]. The Aral Sea is a saltwater lake or inland sea in Central Asia. Overconsumption of water for irrigating agricultural land has turned the fourth largest sea-lake in the world, previously rich in life, into a barren desert [6]. Shrinking Aral Sea is one of the most powerful sources of natural aerosols entering the atmosphere [2].

Modern methods of diagnostics of urolithiasis

Urolithiasis is one of the most common diseases. The incidence of nephrolithiasis in Central Asia is up to 1-5%, in Europe – 5-9%, in North America – 13%, in Saudi Arabia – 20%, and its growth is noted in all regions [2, 4, 6-10]. Patients with urolithiasis make up 30-40% of all patients in urological hospitals. In most cases, people of working age (30-50 years old) suffer from it. The main role in diagnosis of urolithiasis is a method of X-ray examination – plain and excretory urography. Before the introduction of computed tomography into practical health care, excretory urography was considered the "gold standard" in the diagnosis of urolithiasis. Some stones are not visible on X-rays (urate calculus). Other stones (X-ray positive) trap X-rays and are therefore visualized (oxalates, phosphates). X-ray-negative stones can be diagnosed using contrast urography – due to the lack of contrast agent at the site of urate calculus, a symptom of "filling defect" is determined (Fig. 1).

Stenting of vertebral artery in atherosclerotic stenosis

Chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency (CCVI) is still one of the main causes of death and disability among population [1]. Most often, CCVI is caused by the pathology of carotid arteries, the second cause are occlusive-stenotic lesions of vertebral arteries (VA), leading to the development of vertebrobasilar insufficiency syndrome (VBI) [2]. We present the first clinical case carried out in our center.

Pulmonary arteriovenous aneurism

Pulmonary arteriovenous aneurysm is a congenital disease. During a period of embryonic development in a child, as a result of disturbances in the normal formation of pulmonary artery and vein (as a separate system), anastomosis – an innate pathological connection between arteries and veins is formed [2]. We present a case from our practical work.

The main priority of the Policy of the President of Turkmenistan

In Turkmenistan, World Health Day is celebrated on April 7 every year. This international date became a national celebration on the initiative of the President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov and was introduced to the national holiday calendar. Traditionally, on the occasion of World Health Day, mass physical culture and sports events, including cultural and recreational activities, conferences, round-table meetings devoted to the issues of strengthening and promoting health are held in Turkmenistan. As it is known, on March 26, 2021 at a sitting of the Cabinet of Ministers of Turkmenistan, the highly respected President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov issued a Resolution on the approval of the Saglyk State Programme in the new edition and the Action Plan for its implementation for 2021–2025. The event became another confirmation of the firmness of the state policy, successfully pursued under the leadership of Arkadag, the main priority of which is the health of the people.

Strategic Partnerships for Peace and Wellbeing

On April 7, Turkmenistan celebrates World Health Day, established by the World Health Organisation (WHO). This international date became a nationwide celebration and entered the national holiday calendar at the initiative of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov. On the eve of World Health Day and the national holiday, the UN Resident Coordinator a.i. Christine WEIGAND spoke about cooperation between Turkmenistan and the UN, primarily the World Health Organisation, in an interview with the Neutral Turkmenistan Newspaper. NT: “Dear Ms. Weigand, April 7 is World Health Day that is celebrated as a national holiday in Turkmenistan. How will this international day be celebrated this year?”

Seasonal Illness Prevention Tips:

Include vegetables and fruit, fish, dairy dishes and other food products rich in vitamins A, B1 and C in the diet.

Useful Delicacies - Dried Fruit

One of the most important components of a healthy lifestyle is proper nutrition. Today, many people are ready to change their diet for the better, realising that healthy food contains thousands of essential nutrients that help us stay young and beautiful, protecting us from heart diseases, cancer and premature aging. This can also be applied to delicacies. And, of course, the most useful of them are dried fruit, which can be tasty and useful on their own. Each type of dried fruit contains a unique complex of substances that have a beneficial effect on body. They are useful for vitamin deficiency, depression and anaemia. For example, dried apricots contain much potassium, so it has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. It is often recommended to eat after heart attacks and strokes to restore body. Dried apricots are rich in vitamins of group B (B1 and B2), A, C and PP and minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus and sodium, strengthen bone tissue and maintain immunity. Cellular tissue normalises the work of gastrointestinal tract, relieves constipation and cleanses liver. However, it is not recommended for people with diabetes and thyroid diseases.

Seasonal Illness Prevention Tips:

1. Dress as the weather permits. 2. Follow the rules of personal hygiene – wash your hands often with soap, do not touch your mouth and nose.

Seasonal Illness Prevention Tips:

1. When coughing and sneezing, cover your nose with a handkerchief. 2. Keep your hands clean, observe a distance of 2 metres and wear masks correctly.

Seasonal Illness Prevention Tips:

1. Lead a physically active lifestyle, go in for sports. 2. Going outside, lubricate nasal mucosa with oxolinic ointment.

Seasonal Illness Prevention Tips:

1. When coughing and sneezing, cover your nose with a handkerchief. 2. Keep your hands clean, observe a distance of 2 metres and wear masks correctly.

Health in Every Grain

We all know well what a healthy lifestyle is. Thanks to the policy pursued by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, a healthy lifestyle has entered the daily life of the Turkmen people and serves as the basis of it. This is a healthy behaviour that reduces the risk of developing serious diseases. An important place here is given to healthy eating which helps prevent a significant portion of diseases. The NT editorial staff continues to tell the readers about the health beneficial properties of food products. Today’s article is about cereals that we add to our diet almost every day. The NT correspondent asked for recommendations the Director at the Information Centre of the Ministry of Health and the Medical Industry of Turkmenistan Ogulmyahri GELDIYEVA:

Seasonal ARVI Prevention

• Increase physical activity and do sports. • Lubricate the nasal mucosa with oxolinic ointment and wear a mask in public.

Prevention of Seasonal ARVI

• Be adherents of a healthy lifestyle: get enough sleep, eat right and fully, make the right daily routine and do physical activity and sports • Strictly and completely follow the rules of hygiene

Rules for staying healthy

Often, the cold season and constant changes in the weather are accompanied by colds and acute respiratory diseases. The reason is that many people forget about basic precautions, dressing lightly, neglecting personal hygiene and not giving the body proper rest. The observance of basic rules will help prevent the disease and stop its development. However, first let’s figure out how the disease begins. The penetration of the causative agent of an infectious disease (viruses or bacteria) into the body of a healthy person is called infection. Sources of an infectious disease, a sick person or a healthy carrier, release microorganisms into the environment, which can enter the body of a healthy person through the air (when sneezing and coughing), things of common use, food and water.

Influence of turkmen juniper decoction on hepatic tissue of laboratory rats in experimental atherosclerosis

These days, atherosclerosis and diseases associated with it are the main cause of disability and high mortality in most countries of the world [2]. One of the etiological factors of atherosclerosis is dyslipidemia, which leads to proatherogenic stimulation and initiation of a dysfunctional state of endothelium. The aim of the work is to study the influence of decoction of fruits of Turkmen juniper on hepatic tissue of laboratory rats with experimental atherosclerosis.

Effectiveness of use of licorice root infusion in frequently ill children

Children who often suffer from acute respiratory infections (ARI) are an urgent medical and social problem in pediatrics. Phytotherapy plays an important role in the treatment and prophylaxis of ARI in frequently ill children (FIC), in particular, the use of licorice root [6]. The active ingredient of licorice root is glycyrrhizinic acid (GA), which has antiviral, immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory effects [1]. GA is active against DNA and RNA containing viruses, including various strains of viruses Herpes simplex, Varicella zoster, human papillomaviruses, cytomegaloviruses. GA inhibits viruses at concentrations that are non-toxic for normally functioning cells [10, 11, 14]. In this regard, we decided to study the effectiveness of using infusion of licorice root in FIC.

Clinical results of plasmotherapy in combination with a bandage lens in the treatment of keratitis

Inflammatory eye diseases, in particular keratitis, which are the cause of temporary disability in 80% and the cause of blindness in 10-30% of cases, remain a serious social problem in practical ophthalmology [2]. In order to achieve epithelialization of corneal wound, the use of autologous serum is widespread [1]. The next stage in the development of this technique was the use of platelet-rich plasma [2, 4, 5].

Antiparasitic treatment of residual cavity of liver echinococcosis in surgery

Liver echinococcosis is a serious problem for countries with endemic foci of this parasitic disease. The recurrence rate after surgery reaches 22,3-31,3%. One of the debatable issues in surgical treatment of liver echinococcosis is a choice of techniques in relation to fibrous capsule of a cyst [3, 8, 10-12]. The aim of the work is to study the results of ultrasonic antiparasitic treatment of residual cavity of liver after echinococcectomy with simultaneous hepatoprotection of liver parenchyma.