One of the Ma­in Shri­nes of Turk­me­nis­tan

Our Motherland is the realm of the sun, a country with a rich history. The ruins of the ancient states of Central Asia, recognised as unique sights, are located in its vastness like islets of the past. Many architectural monuments and fortifications have been preserved in the territory of modern Turkmenistan. One of them is the Mausoleum of Abul-Fazl, known also as Serahs-baba. It is located not far from the Old Serahs citadel; it is a vivid specimen of the Serahs architectural school that “thundered” as the most skilful all over the world in the Middle Ages. At that time, Serahs was a flourishing city through which caravans passed along the Great Silk Road. The mausoleum that is relatively small size arouses admiration for its monumentality, sophisticated forms, perfection and harmonious proportionality. It was built in the 11th century over the tomb of Sheikh Abul-Fazl; it is famous for its magnificent proportions and decoration, which made it one of the most significant monuments of medieval architecture not only in the Serahs oasis, but also in the Central Asian region.

Indissoluble connection of eras and generations in patterns of turkmen craftswomen

A solemn meeting entitled “Turkmen art of embroidery is our national heritage” took place at the Centre for Public Organisations. The government officials, representatives of public organisations and the media, cultural and art workers and students attended the event. In their speeches, the participants spoke with warmth and pride about the Turkmen art of embroidery, an integral part of the national cultural heritage, reflecting the unique traditions and history of the Turkmen people.

Pistachio Nut on a Children’s Vest

In caring for the younger generation, women created comfortable conditions for children to play outdoors in the hot season and in winter cold. In the seasons of the “temperature swing”, they sewed warm sleeveless jackets of velvety material and embroidered them with fragments of turquoises, carnelians, shells and also with ... pistachio nuts. A similar tradition was observed until the middle of the last century in the Mary velayat, in the settlements of Serahs, Vekilbazar, Tagtabazar, Yoloten and Kushka, where from time immemorial the fruits of this tree were used. The natural grove of pistachio trees is located within the region. Pistachio is a symbol of strength and fertility, its fruits were used to decorate children’s clothes for them to grow up healthy, powerful and hardy, like the tree itself – a long-liver, unpretentious to the environment. This is how the parents wanted to see their child, who, having become an adult, will be able to withstand difficulties, continue the family and have strong offspring, because the true wealth of a person is health and fortitude.

Falcon and Tazy – a Living Chronicle of Harmony

The idea of including falconry in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, preparatory work for which is now underway in our country, goes back to the aesthetic origins of this ancient tradition representing it as an integral part of the intangible heritage of our ancestors. It is deeply symbolic that this is taking place in the year of the 30th anniversary of sacred independence the motto of which is “Turkmenistan – the Home of Peace and Trust”. Living in harmony with the surrounding world, our people wisely measured the laws of their life with it. The ancient pillars of the community of our ancestors with the world of their habitation are based on the culture of respect, the art of efficient use and the tradition of harmony. Such a spiritual and moral norm was inherent in many formulas of human existence, one of which is hunting with birds of prey.

«Oguz ornament» – new Turkmen carpet

In the Epoch of Might and Happiness under the wise leadership of our Esteemed President, a state policy aimed at studying, preserving and spreading the national values of the Turkmen people as a nation, is being implemented. One of the greatest of these values is the Turkmen carpet, which is a unique work of art. It is even more important today to carry out scientific work aimed at the study of ancient specimens of this value, which is the fruit of the great talent of Turkmen women, and the creation of new modern specimens without losing their national identity. Taking advantage of the opportunities created in this area, our deep interest in the art of carpet weaving has led us to create a model of a new Turkmen carpet. Before moving on to the description of the project of the new Turkmen carpet «Oguz Ornament» presented by us, let's look at the history of the origin of the classic Turkmen carpet. As we know, the patterns of Turkmen carpets trace their roots back to ancient times. It summarizes the talents, feelings of fine beauty and patience of the Turkmen people. The art of carpet weaving created in Turkmenistan as a place of human material and spiritual values and the experience of its patterns formed by artistic creativity still retain their classical form. The embroidered patterns on the carpet fill and enrich the talents and philosophical ideas of human nature, the

Sacral Artefacts of Dagdan Wood

The hackberry has been grown for a long time in arid countries; these trees are also loved in Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Crimea, where they are used to landscape villages and cities and to build field protective belts. It is often called “stone tree” for its hard, strong, heavy and dense wood. The hackberry has strong and elastic wood; in the past, it was used for various household needs, woodwork items and decorative products. The plant also contains glycosides, carbohydrates, polysaccharides, fatty oils, vitamin C and citric acid. The leaves were used for feeding livestock, sometimes silkworms. The bark contains 8-12 per cent of tannins, and this property was used in handicraft tanning and fabric dyeing in the past.

New evidence of the ancient history and invaluable cultural heritage of the nation

Archaeologists Discover Valuable Finds in Abiverd In Turkmenistan, within the framework of the programme, initiated by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov for the in-depth study and preservation of the national historical and cultural heritage and the search for its still undiscovered pages, purposeful work continues bringing its worthy results. Another confirmation of this was new artefacts discovered by Turkmen archaeologists during the autumn excavation season at the Abiverd monument in the Kaahka etrap, Ahal velayat.

Modern ceramics – reflection of ancient traditions

The art of ceramics has been known to humankind since time immemorial. Each work is an expression of its era, so it is no coincidence that ceramics is an object of scientific study. In addition, as in carpet weaving, in the art of modern ceramics we can vividly see the traces of art schools of antiquity. In independent Turkmenistan, the work of Turkmen artists reflects national peculiarities and originality of image of various themes and aspects. Especially interesting are works of women ceramists working in this “masculine” form of art, they attract attention with other images, lines and interpretation of themes. Skilled professional masters, representatives of different generations, pass on their experience to young artists and do not get tired of creating unique works from clay, many of which decorate the museums of Turkmenistan and exhibition galleries of many countries.

Well — an Ancient Irrigation Structure

According to popular wisdom, “Digging one well is like building a thousand bridges.” The Turkmen people considered the construction of wells a sacred cause. They are the earliest irrigation facilities that preserved a deep trace not only on the sacred land, but also in the historical and cultural heritage of our bation – one the ancient peoples of world civilisation. The patron of the wells was Shahi-Zinda. Following the centuries-old traditions, people started to work with his name. The tools of well diggers are passed on from one generation to another and have reached our time.

True friend

Autumn has come. The weather has changed. A sudden downpour flooded the village in the blink of an eye. Yesterday Bagul covered the base of a large carpet. Today sister Almagul came to help her in her hard work. The day began as usual – everyone was busy with the housework in the morning. In a word, nothing foreshadowed what would break the usual regularity of life. Bagul was sitting on the trestle bed, going about her business. Having asked her sister to take out a new felt mat from the back room and spread it under the canopy of the house, she got up, and at that moment she saw what caused her blood to freeze in her veins: on the ground, right in front of the trestle bed, lay a huge cobra, which, hissing menacingly, rose to the elbow in length, preparing for the attack. “Snake!” – the girl screamed heart-rendingly. Alabay named Garagyoz, who was sleeping peacefully at that time at the door of the house, having heard the scream, at the same moment rushed to Bagul, and barking tried to drive away the dangerous stranger. A fierce battle began. A huge black snake with lightning lunges tried to hit the dog with its poisonous teeth. Garagyoz stepped on the cobra in an attempt to grab it with his mouth. Dumbfounded with horror, Bagul tried to call out to her mother, but in vain: my mother was sitting in the back room of the house with her older sister, scribbling at a noisy