On the hills of Dehistan

in his historic speech addressed to the schoolchildren and students on the Day of Knowledge and Student Youth, President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov particularly emphasised the importance of the work Turkmenistan – Heart of the Great Silk Road and the historical and cultural heritage in the upbringing of the younger generation. This book tells about Dehistan, located at the crossroads of ancient caravan roads. Its ruins are still visible in the vicinity of the Madav village of the Etrek etrap, Balkan velayat, located 20 kilometres from the ancient settlement. The local secondary school has a museum of history and local lore, where numerous historical finds discovered during archaeological excavations are carefully preserved.

Relying on Ancestors’ Traditions

In the age of rapid technological changes, the problem of bringing up the younger generation is increasingly being heard all over the world. The works by President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov raise the theme of family upbringing. His books, speeches and poems glorify eternal truths: love for the Motherland, father’s home, mother, beauty and wealth of the native land and respect for the traditions and customs of the Turkmen people. Arkadag says, “The key goal is to instil pride in young people for our glorious past, today’s happy life and bright future. The sacred words ‘Nation and Homeland’, like a kind of hymn, should become the motto of the life of our boys and girls.” Using historical experience, the Hero-Arkadag always meets with the elders during his trips to the regions of the country and discusses with them important issues not only of local life, but also of national importance.

Outstanding Creation of the People

It is a tradition with the Turkmen people to set up elegant white yurts on the days of national holidays and big festivities, near which scenes of rural life are played out and national sports competitions and games are held. The yurt is an ingenious invention of the ancient peoples of Asia, the most adapted to the nomadic way of life and a dwelling suitable for a comfortable habitation of people. Lightweight, easy-to-assemble and suitable for any climate, yurts have been popular with the nomadic peoples of Asia since the mid-1st millennium AD. Yurts made without a nail are original in terms of architecture.

Patterns of Millennia

In Turkmenistan, one of the most important areas of the state policy is the preservation of the national heritage of the people. The beauty, richness and variety of patterns of items of everyday life that enrich human life take their origin from the depths of centuries. Today we are trying to fill our environment with original, unique items, and by visiting the historical department of the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan, we can be sure that this has always been the case. In the collection of metal household objects at the main museum of the country, there are unique items, which in their time were of great value. For example, in the exposition of the hall of Middle Ages, a bronze inkstand with a metal inlay made by the method of cutting is showcased. It dates back to the twelfth century. Its surface is covered with engraved plant, geometric and epigraphic ornaments with alternating pairs of birds. The finest work with a metal surface implies a complex process where first a small hole is cut along the line of the drawing, into which a thin strip of other metal is inserted, then such inserts are gently fastened. This method requires great skills and efficiency, which can be acquired only as a result of the daily practice of working with metal. The elegant details of the drawing give the product a presentable look, which leads to the assumption that at o

Ancient turkmen measurements related with hand

In ancient times, our people created units of measurement associated with the hand, elbow, and fingers. Let's talk about some of them. Finger length — the approximate height or length of one of your fingers.

Fluff decorates the child

The child is a flower of life. Bring him up and decorate is a dream of each parent. This pleasant trouble takes its roots from the early times in the life of turkmen, passes through generations and modernizes. Our foremothers fulfilled their wishes in lullabies to their children, put them to bed. They have materialized their traditions, dreams and wishes. To protect them from evil eyes, they put various kinds of fetishes, gozmonjuk, alaji, dagdans or ropes made of camel hair, chains with bells, sea shells on their necks, wrists, legs, and jumpers.

Terms related to the concepts of quality and safety in the epic «Yusup-Zuleikha» by Andalib

As you know, ensuring the safety of products, works and services, and improving their quality are among the main goals of the standardization system [1, p. 18]. Ancient concepts related to quality and standard can be found in the epic «Yusub-Zuleikha» by the classic poet of the XVII-XVIII centuries Nurmukhammet Andalib. QUALITY

An Ancient Decoration of National Costume

The largescale work is being done in the Era of Might and Happiness, under the leadership of our respected Arkadag, to thoroughly study, preserve and popularise the rich spiritual and material heritage of the Turkmen people. One of its aspects is a detailed study of ancient jewellery as indispensable elements of national costume, magnificent specimens of which are on display at the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan. They are exhibited together with unique items of the everyday life of the Turkmen people with a prominent place given to national clothes. These include the elements of one of the most interesting and ancient women’s headdresses in Western Turkmenistan, hasaba. The term comes from the Arabic word meaning “to promote fertility, productivity”. A showcase with this ancient headdress always attracts visitors who do not get tired of admiring the amazing works of Turkmen craftsmen. The headpiece consists of a high rigid frame covered with red silk, widening upward and flattened in front and behind. The framework of the hasaba is made of several layers of cotton fabric in the form of a cylinder. On the top, the frame is covered with a thin red silk fabric. The stripes of black plisse with gold or silver stamped plaques, carnelian and pendants, arranged in horizontal rows, are sewn on its front and back sides. Women’s temporal jeweller

Ancient Turkmen Leather Shoes

The fundamental and comprehensive study of the spiritual and material heritage of the Turkmen people is one of priority directions of the policy of the President of Turkmenistan. Much work is being done in this area with the support of the national leader. Literature, art, monuments of history, way of life, traditions and customs are the basic components of which the culture of the people is formed. Research into them help obtain scientific data on the life of peoples living in Central Asia.

We preserve the heritage of our ancestors

On the significant holiday for our country, the Day of the Constitution and the State Flag, a conference devoted to the important event was held at the State Museum of the State Cultural Centre of Turkmenistan. The collection of the museum was replenished with two new relics, which became valuable exhibits. These are a kurte (national cape for the bride) and patterned knitted socks made by the mother of President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov Ogulabat eje half a century ago. The foundations of moral and cultural values are instilled primarily in the family, which, being a unit of society, forms a behavioural norm from birth. According to the national leader, culture is an inexhaustible source of strength, which contributes to the formation of the national characteristics of each of the peoples and is a spiritual bridge of rapprochement. The Turkmen people are one of the most ancient peoples of the planet, who have preserved their ethnic and historical integrity for thousands of years and have made a significant contribution to the political, spiritual, moral and economic development of the world from the earliest eras. The event was organised by the Ministry of Culture of the country. In our state, programme activities are being carried out to instil in young people a sense of patriotism, to preserve our national heritage and to raise the interest of the younger generation in stud