Turkmenistan that has a modern transport infrastructure and is located at the intersection of the transport and transit corridors of the Eurasian continent, many of which pass through the Caspian Sea region, attaches great importance to creating favourable political, economic and legal conditions for the effective use of the transport potential. This is also a key issue on the economic agenda of the region. The development of multimodal transport infrastructure in the Caspian Sea region was considered at a working meeting, which was held by the Chairman of the Halk Maslahaty of the Milli Gengesh of Turkmenistan on the instructions of the President of Turkmenistan in the Avaza national tourism zone on November 24.
If we trace the geography of the main trade corridors of ancient times, we can see that they ran mainly along two axial directions: North–South (the route from the Varangians to the Greeks, the Volga trade route) and East–West (the Lapis Lazuli Way, the Great Silk Road). Moreover, many of them ran through the Caspian Sea region. This region became a key crossroads due to its favourable location on the border of the large states (Persia, Sogdiana and Khwarezm). The Caspian Sea region started to play an important role with the beginning of the development of the oil industry on the Absheron Peninsula.