Turkmen Bagshies, Custodians of Turkmen Literature and Culture

21 October 2020
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The word «bagshy» (bak-shi) comes from the ancient Indian Sanscrit language which meant «clerk», but in the Middle Ages in the Turkmen language it acquired the meaning «the musician and singer», along with another Turkmen word «ozan» which meant « a story teller». So «ozan» and «bagsy» were the synonyms in the meaning of «a story teller and singer». They usually participated in different parties held in connection with wedding ceremonies, national holidays and during the celebration of different family events. In general Turkmens liked to listen to their performances of destans, folk novels and songs to the accompaniment of their two stringed musical instrument.

The epics «Asly and Kerem», Sayatly and Hemra» «Gorkut ata» (The Book of my grandfather Gorkut») the heroic folk epic «Gorogly», «Asly and Kerem», Sayatly and Hemra», «Shasenem and Garyp» and others were the parts of Turkmen literature and culture.

Romanguly MUSTAKOW,
Head of the Foreign Literature Department of Magtymguly State University, Candidate of Philological Sciences, Associate Professor.