Parliament is one of the supreme bodies that is the only one to represent the people. Therefore, the adoption of important political decisions and legislative acts largely depends on its effectiveness and task-oriented activities. Moreover, the formation of a body of popular representation is one of the most essential elements of the democratic mechanism of state power. International practice shows that the parliament is a dynamically continuously developing institution. The main goal of the reform initiated by the leader of the nation is to tailor the national Parliament of Turkmenistan to the rapid changes in life of the state and society.
Every state takes its own choice of the structure and functioning of the parliament, but this does not exclude the common features that are taken into account in parliamentary practices. The reforms of the Parliament as one of the supreme bodies of state power, initiated by the leader of the nation, are to fulfil the following three fundamental tasks: i) increasing the efficiency of the Parliament as an integral part of the state mechanism and strengthening its positions; ii) promoting democratic governance in the structure and activity management; and iii) strengthening the representative character of the parliament and the forms of its relationship with civil society. It was these tasks that determined the main features, structure and principles for the organisation and activity of a modern parliament.