The Crop to Develop the Foothills

16 October 2020
187

Harvesting of the mid- and late-season apple varieties is in full swing in the orchards in the foothill valleys of the Central Kopetdag Mountains – Ak Bugday, Geoktepe and Kaahka etraps, Ahal velayat, the mountainous area of Nohur that are administratively located on the border of the Ahal and Balkan velayats and in the lands of the northern region of the country – Dashoguz. Tenants in farmers’ associations and farms, private gardeners and members of the Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs who grow local ancient and foreign apple varieties are engaged in fruit growing. Summer and autumn apples of such cultivars as “Freedom”, “Auksis”, “Zaslavskoye”, “Konfetnoye”, “Inmant”, “Zheleznyak”, “Antey”, “Alesya”, “Aydared”, “Krasnaya Prevochodnaya”, “Rennet Simirenko”, “Goldspur”, “Snezhny Kalvil” and “Bely Rozmarin”, among others, grow in large variety in our latitudes. The mid- and late-season apple varieties are rarely remarkable for the simultaneous ripening; therefore, apples are harvested in two phases. However, they can be stored longer. Villagers, engaged in fruit growing, often turn part of the lands in the foothill zone they hold on lease or use over the long term into orchards to grow fruit and store them up and engraft cuttings. Due to the tireless work of gardeners, the people of Turkmenistan have these natural vitamin products on their menu all year round.

“These varieties, including varietal dwarf hybrids, can develop very well in the foothill zones where the air is cold and moist. The apple trees feel great,” a Candidate of Agriculture Uma Saftarovna Karimova says. In her scientific works on the effects of mineral fertilisation in an apple orchard in the Kopetdag valley with various irrigation regimes, she says that the establishment of orchards, when trees are watered, fertilised and taken care of, is a promising measure for developing the hills and mountainous areas at the foothills of the Kopetdag and Koytendag Mountains, which cannot be used to grow such traditional “plain” crops as cotton.

Elena DOLGOVA,
NT